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Transcript

Source of the photo: historic-uk.com

The Blitz Around Britain


Coventry

  • Important engendering and armaments producing centre
  • Small city (200,000 inhabitants)
  • 14-15 November 1940
  • 503 high explosive
  • 30,000 incendiary bomb on the city
  • 568 deaths
  • 850 people seriously injured
  • Médiéval cathedral destroyed
  • 1/3 houses uninhabitable
  • 35% shops destroyed
  • New verb : to concentrate, used by Germans to describe a level of destruction

Birmingham

  • August 1940 + September and October 1940
  • 19-20 November : more than 400 tons of high explosive bombs dropped
  • Britain’s third most-bomber city after London and Liverpool
  • Birmingham Small Arms destroyed = 53 workers killed
  • Blitzed again on 21-22 and 22-23 November



Bristol

  • Until November 1940
  • Docks and aircraft factories
  • 1540 tons of high explosive
  • 12,500 incendiaries
  • 207 deaths
  • 187 people seriously injured
  • Many of the city’s historic buildings were destroyed


Southampton

  • 23 November
  • 30 November : six hours, 800 high explosive bombs dropped
  • Water, gas and electricity supplies were cut off i many areas
  • Municipal leaders widely criticized


Sheffield

  • industrial city : steel production, major center for armaments
  • Two raids : 12 and 15 December 1940 : 750 deaths
  • Light damage to the city’s industrial areas
  • Devastated city center : 3,000 homes and shops destroyed


Liverpool

  • 1940 : Liverpool and the rest of Merseyside = most bombed area outside London
  • 28-29 November : 350 tons of high explosive bombs
  • 20-23 December
  • City’s docks targeted
  • Merseyside was bombed every nights from the 1st to the 8th may 1940
  • 19,000 deaths
  • 1450 people seriously injured
  • 70,000 people made homeless
  • Bootle : 8,000 houses destroyed or damaged


Manchester

⁃ heaviest raids : 22-23 and 23-24 December nights

⁃ Many buildings destroyed such as the Free trade Hall, Smithfield Market and St Anne’s Church

⁃ 8,000 homes destroyed or made inhabitable

⁃ Trafford Park industrial areas damaged by fire

Cardiff

⁃ 2 January 1941 : start of a series of raids on cities targeted for their docks

⁃ Docks and factories hit

⁃ Residential areas damaged

⁃ 165 deaths

⁃ 165 people injured

⁃ Bombed again on consecutive nights in early March


Portsmouth

⁃ important naval base on the south coast

⁃ Raids happened every four weeks during the start of 1941

⁃ Heaviest raid : 10-11 January

⁃ 140 tons of high explosive bombs

⁃ 40,000 incendiaries on the city

⁃ Fires started in dockyard

⁃ City’s Guildhall set on fire by incendiary bombs : interior and roof destroyed



Hull

North east of England : vital east coast port of Hull

⁃ 2 heavy raids in March and on the 8-9 May

⁃ Riverside quay devastated by fire

⁃ 450 deaths

⁃ 10% of the population was made homeless

⁃ The city was bombed again in June 1941

⁃ Hull was referred as a « north east town » for security reasons


Plymouth

⁃ Attacked in 1940

-Devastating raids in March and April 1941

-900 people killed and 40,000 made homeless

-Guildhall lost




Clydebank

-Devastating raids on 13-14 March 1941

-Buildings overcrowded

-35,000 people made homeless

-major disaster



Belfast

-Air raid on 7-8 April 1941

-residential areas nearby docks and shipyards badly hit

-Blitzed again on 15 April

-Fire crews were sent

-745 people killed