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The American civil war

Click on each animal from the smaller to the bigger one (real life sizes) to learn more about it

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Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg was one of the turning points of the American Civil War. The South lost many of its men, including generals and colonels, and Gen. Robert E. Lee lost all hope of invading the North. He fought the rest of the war on the defensive.

The battle of Gettusburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.

number of soldiers : 93 921 (UNION), 71 655 (CONFEDERATION)

number of dead : 3 155 (UNION), 4 708 (CONFEDERATION)

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Conclusion :

The Civil War had a greater impact on American societyy and the polity than any other event in the country's history. It was also the most traumatic experience endured by any generation of Americans.

At least 620,000 soldiers lost their lives in the war, 2 percent of the American population in 1861

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Intro :

The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the American states from the north that were against slavery, and the southern states that were for slavery in the country. When Abraham Lincoln (Union) won election in 1860 as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America. Lincoln’s administration and most of the Northern people refused to recognize the legitimacy of secession. They feared that it would discredit democracy and create a fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the no-longer United States into several small, squabbling countries.

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Military history

Uniforms : traditional style similar to the Napoleonic War, marine coat with blue troussers, big leather boots and caps. Some of them were homemade.

Troops : Civil soldiers 2 128 948 (Union), 1 082 119 (Confederate)

Weapons : Different types of revolver, gun, rifle and sword. They also had artillery equipements.

War leaders : Abraham Lincoln (1 464 days) / Andrew Johnson (24 days) for the Union

Jefferson Davis / Alexander Hamilton for the Confederacy

Allies : Main targets for alliances were England, France, Belgium and Russia for the Confederacy. Britain and France helped the Union during the Civil War.

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Battle of Fort Donelson

The Battle of Fort Donelson involved the capture of Fort Donelson, Tennessee and provided access to the Cumberland River as a means of invading the Confederacy. It was fought from February 11 to February 16, 1862 and established General Grant (from the Union) as a major figure of The Civil War.

number of soldiers : 24 531 (UNION), 16 171 (CONFEDERATION)

number of dead : 2 691 (UNION), 13 846(CONFEDERATION)

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Battle of Manassas

The First Battle of Manassas, or Bull Run, fought on July 21, 1861, was the first major battle of the American Civil War (1861–1865). United States president Abraham Lincoln under pressure from the public that urged the army “On to Richmond!” went against the advice of his aging general-in-chief Winfield Scott and ordered an attack.

number of soldiers : 35 000 (UNION), 34 000 (CONFEDERATION)

number of dead : 460 (UNION), 387 (CONFEDERATION)

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Battle of Stones river

The Battle of Stones River was fought between December 31, 1862 and January 2, 1863. This battle was the culmination of the campaign in Middle Tennessee. The battle of Stones River was devastating for both sides and, of all the major Civil War battles, this had the highest percentage of casualties suffered.

number of soldiers : 60 000 (UNION), 45 000 (CONFEDERATION)

number of dead : 1 677 (UNION), 1 294 (CONFEDERATION)