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Lady and

victorian era


1. What's a Dandy ?

a)Dandy requirements/the


b)A day in the life of a dandy

2. What's a Lady ?

a)The roles and rights of a


b)Lady requirements/the style


1. What's a Dandy ?

  • Appeared in London
  • The word "Dandy" emerges in the 1780s
  • Of young men adopt a deliberately eccentric style on mass days
  • Sign of a romantic era and dechristianization of morals
  • Craving for a non-conformist identity
  • In the 1810s
  • The youth of the upper bourgeois class completely took over this style
  • Against the current of the classical order
  • Extinction with the arrival of the industrial revolution + jeans

Great Dandys of the Victorian era:

Robert de Montesquiou (1855-1921)

Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (1854 -1900)

Alfred Guillaume Gabriel d'Orsay, count of Orsay (1801-1852)

Benjamin Disraeli, Prime minister of the United Kingdom (1804-1881)

A young man belonging to a group of high society and whose refinement testifies to a nonconformism and an ethical research, based on contempt for social conventions and bourgeois morality. He is elegant, refined and he loves fashion. However, being a dandy is not only a style but also a way of life.


a) Dandy requirements/the style

  • Cylinder hat
  • Knitted scarves
  • The bright veste
  • Tail-coat
  • Gloves
  • Cane with very original knobs
  • Trousers
  • Buckle shoe

b) A day in the life of a dandy


  • Go out
  • Walk
  • Meet people
  • Make himself known and recognized
  • Read books
  • Or courting women


Today, the term “lady” is often used as a civil term of respect for a woman, as is “gentleman” for a man. But there was a time when its purpose was to address women of high social class or status.

2. What's a Lady ?


  • Limited to childbearing and housewife
  • Instruct the servants on what is to be done
  • Groom younger girls of the same class to become women

a) The roles and rights of a lady


  • Had the right to make tea parties
  • Had the right to play balls
  • Had the right to knit
  • Had the right to ride horses
  • Had the right to several servants who took either of them
  • Had the right to read books
  • Had the right to write letters
  • Had the right to sew
  • Had the right to receive the guests
  • Had the right to supervise the servants
  • Had the right to organized parties and auctions to collect charity for some cause
  • Had the right to study and made a career in the male-dominated field.

b) Lady requirements/ the style

  • A hat,
  • A very tight corset
  • A shirt
  • A jacket
  • Jewellery
  • A skirt
  • Gloves
  • (An umbrella)
  • Shoes

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