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How and why did USA become the only superpower of the world ?

Introduction :

-The USA =located in North America, composed of 50 states, spread over a total area of 9.834 million km².
-Population of 329.5 million = third largest country in the world after China and India.
-GDP = 55000.00 USD (=$).
-Complete economic power, because its activities are very important and very diverse.
There is no major economic sector from which they are absent.
From these data, we can ask ourselves how and why did the USA become the only superpower of the world ?

I-The indicators of power

II-The factors of power

-Important natural resources

-Urban and large population

-Since the fall of the USSR, the USA is the only superpower in the world

-USA first pole of the triad = the three poles that dominate the world economy
(USA/EU/East Asia)
-Industrial sectors, power indicators

The indicators of power

-The American economy is the world's largest.

-Domination of international trade, the strength of its national currency, its powerful agri-food and industry that make the USA the world's leading power.

The indicators of power

- Favorable conditions, modern equipment, export...
However: frequent risks of overproduction
They export 21% of their agricultural production


-Heavy industry, High-tech industry, aeronautics, aerospace ,Automotive...

The indicators of power

-Role of the dollar -> dominant currency in the world monetary system

-First commercial power

-Largest foreign investor

The factors of power


-Benefits greatly from its fertile soils, plentiful freshwater, oiland mineral deposits, and forests.

-North America is one of the most developed regions in the world = a strong domestic and export economy focused.

-Almost every type of ecosystem is represented in the USA.

The factors of power

-83% of the U.S. population lives in urban areas, up from 64% in 1950.

-The largest city in the US is New York City, with over 8.5 million residents.

-By 2050, 89% of the U.S. population and 68% of the world population is projected to live in urban areas.

The factors of power

-USA is the only superpower in the world because of its size. (biggest country in the world)

-Superpower : characterised by a state's ability to exert influence and project itself as a dominating power anywhere in the world.