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Aretha Franklin and Mary Jackson














Clémence Malosse
Wafa Mimouni
Kaïna Gonzalez

Black history month

SUMMARY

I- Aretha Franklin

II- Mary Jackson

A) who is she?

B) her career

C) waht she did for black people and women

D) quotes

E) movie/song

F) Why this choice

A) who is she?

B) Her career

C) what she did for black people and women

D) quotes

E) why tis choice

A woman who cares about others

I- ARETHA FRANKLIN

- was born on March 25, 1942 in Memphis, Tennessee

- she is an American singer, pianist and songwriter of soul, jazz, gospel and rhythm and blues
- She is frequently nicknamed "The Queen Of Soul".
- Her father is a pastor while her mother is a pianist and singer.
- considered one of the greatest American voices in history
- Best-selling female artist of vinyl records in the world
- She died on August 16, 2018 from cancer.

A) Who is she ?

- Accompanied by her two sisters, she participates in the tours of her father's gospel choir across the United States

- At eleven, she became a soloist in this choir.
- At fourteen, she recorded her first album.
- Her career took off in 1967 when she signed a contract with Atlantic Records.
- The singer's first big hit, I Never Loved A Man (The Way That I Love You), quickly rose to number 1 on the rhythm'n'blues chart and marked the start of an exceptional series of hits like Respect, Chain of Fools , I Say a Little Prayer, or Think.
- sang for the inauguration of Barack Obama.
- She was the world's best-selling female artist and starred in the movie The Blues Brothers.
- In 1972, his album Amazing Grace, a collection of traditional gospel songs, became one of the best-selling gospel albums of all time. The 80s were then punctuated by collaborations as memorable as they were fruitful.
- Throughout her career, she has received numerous awards including eighteen Grammy Awards.

B) Her career

- her most famous single « Respect », It’s an anthem against racial and sexist political movements.
- She was very close to Martin Luther King and therefore very involved in the cause of african-american people.
- The respect demanded by Aretha finds an immediate echo at a time when the African-American community asks her to be respected and considered
- Civil rights activist alongside Martin Luther King, woman fighter,
- She participated in the release of the activist Angela Davis.
- she was committed to the equality between men and women and was an icon for generations of women.
- At his death, his activism for women and the African-American community is hailed

C) what she did for black people and women

"Respect was a need for an entire nation, for the man and the woman on the street, the businessman and the mother, the firefighter and the teacher. Everyone demanded respect. It was also the rallying cry of the civil rights movement. "

Aretha Franklin

Aretha Franklin - Respect

E) Movie/song

Aretha Franklin - Think (feat. The Blues Brothers)

We chose Aretha Franklin because we listen to her music on a daily basis and we love it. We find that it is a model to follow concerning his thought, that is to say on the rights of blacks and women.

F) Why this choice

first black female aeronautical engineer.

II- MARY JACKSON

- Born April 9, 1921 in Virginia

- is the daughter of Ella and Frank Winston
- She grew up in Hampton, where she attended high school at Phenix High School and excelled there.
– She was admitted to Hampton University and earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physical science in 1942.
– She becomes a member of the Alpha Kappa Alpha student sorority, the first sorority created by and for African-American university women
- died February 11, 2005 in Hampton, is an American mathematician and aerospace engineer.

A) Who is she ?

B) Her career

- Mary Jackson didn't make a career right away.

- After earning a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physical sciences in 1942, she became a mathematics teacher, then receptionist, librarian, and army secretary at Fort Monroe when her son was born.
- In 1951, she entered the computer section of the Langley Research Center and worked in a group of calculators led by Dorothy Vaughan. This group, called West Area Computers, is made up entirely of African-American female mathematicians. - In 1953, the engineer Kazimierz Czarnecki invited him to work with him in the compressibility research department.
- She then follows a special training to become an engineer and evening classes in mathematics and physics.
- She must ask the city of Hampton for permission to take classes at Hampton High School, then reserved for whites.
- She successfully completed the training and in 1958, she became NASA's first black woman engineer.
- The same year, she published the first results of her research entitled Effects of Nose Angle and Mach Number on Transition on Cones at Supersonic Speeds.
- It then analyzes data from wind tunnel experiments and supersonic speed flight experiments in order to analyze aerodynamic forces such as thrust or drag
- She has authored and co-authored 12 technical papers for NACA and NASA

- She helps black children in her community to create their own wind tunnel for model airplanes

- Mary Jackson helps women and minorities advance in their careers by advising them on what to study to easily transition from a mathematician to an engineer (according to her own experience)

C) what she did for black people and women

" every time we have a chance to get ahead, they move the finish line "

Mary Jackson

" we go from being our father's daughters to our husband's wives to our babies'mothers "

Mary Jackson

E) why this choise

we chose mary jackson because we admire what she has accomplished, the journey of her life. She is an inspiring and motivating woman.