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UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE

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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey

CULTURAL (17)

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MIXED (2)

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TENTATIVE LIST (84)

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  • Aphrodisias (2017)
  • Archaeological Site of Ani (2016)
  • Archaeological Site of Troy (1998)
  • Arslantepe Mound (2021)
  • Bursa and Cumalıkızık: (2014)
  • City of Safranbolu (1994)
  • Diyarbakır Fortress (2015)
  • Ephesus (2015)
  • Göbekli Tepe (2018)
  • Great Mosque of Divriği (1985)
  • Hattusha: the Hittite Capital (1986)
  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (1985)
  • Nemrut Dağ (1987)
  • Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük (2012)
  • Pergamon (2014)
  • Selimiye Mosque (2011)
  • Xanthos-Letoon (1988)

WORLD HERITAGE LIST OF TURKEY

Turkey is home to 19 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, fifteen of which are cultural sites and two of which are mixed.

  • Göreme and Cappadocia (1985)
  • Hierapolis-Pamukkale (1988)

  • Karain Cave (1994)
  • Sümela Monastery (2000)
  • St. Nicholas Church (2000)
  • Harran and Sanliurfa (2000)
  • The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman citadel (2000)
  • Konya-A capital of Seljuk Civilization (2000)
  • Alanya (2000)
  • Ishak Pasha Palace (2000)
  • Kekova (2000)
  • Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilization (2009)
  • Archaeological Site of Sagalassos (2009)
  • Archaeological Site of Perge (2009)

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Pamukkale travertines offer a dazzling view to the visitors. Shallow pools covered with thermal waters reflect the bright blue sky. Its beauty is so stunning and unexpected; even the most tired traveler will forget all his tiredness when he arrives there.

Pamukkale was one of the most popular thermal pools in Turkey.It literally was a spa. Water contains calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and minerals.

The calcium-rich water comes back to the surface from various sources when it is warmer than 35 degrees celcius.

It is known that the white water in Pamukklae is good for joint pains on gynecological diseases, rheumatic diseases and some wounds.

Renew yourself both body and soul in the healing water of Pamukkale :)

THE CLEOPATRA POOL

It has a legend that goes back to the Egyptian queen Cleopatra. It is believed that cleopatra bathed this pool. In the place collapsed by the earthquake, a pool was formed with natural healing waters. You will swim among ancient stones. The water at the source is at a temperature of 35-37 °C. It has a very rich content, especially calcium and magnesium. There are bright metals in the turquoise colored water. They're money thrown by people who make wishes.

THE TEMPLE OF APOLLO

Apollo was one of the most important god for local people. An honorary temple was built in front of the theatre for him.

Local people believed that Apollo and Artemis met here.

PLUTONIUM

Here is the oldest place worshipped by the local people in Hierapolis ancient city. Local people call here as “demon’s hole” or “hell’s gate”.

This hole is large enough to be entered by a person. The poisonous gas (carbon dioxide) that comes out from plutonium was believed to be sent by Pluto, the god of under world. Birds and oxen that approached to plutonium died immediately. The religious men mentioned to the local people that they were created in a superlative position because they entered to hole by a breath control and came out of it alive. So all locals believed and obeyed them.

There is a path for pedestrians. You can see some artificial pools there to swim and enjoy. You can also take great photographs in hot waters on the travertines.


At this point there are couple of cafes where you can relax after a long walk. You can have a drink and enjoy the warm weather before your visit to Hierapolis Ancient City.

Here are the artificial pools.

Enjoy the view! :)

Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" in Turkish, The area is famous for a carbonate mineral left by the flowing of thermal spring water.[1][2] It is located in Turkey's Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which has a temperate climate for most of the year. Pamukkale's terraces are made of travertine, a sedimentary rock deposite by mineral water from the hot springs.[1] In this area, there are 17 hot springs with temperatures ranging from 35 °C to 100 ° .this water gives the uniqiue shapes of these travertens.it creats wonderful landscapes.

Taking your shoes in your hand, you can walk on some of them. Swimming is strictly forbidden. You can imagine yourself like the people of antiquity by entering the healing waters in public areas where you can experience the special texture of travertines or by swimming in the Cleopatra Pool. Are you looking for the perfect place to relax? Turkey's famous thermal springs at Pamukkale are just the place. Known as a spa town since the Roman era, Pamukkale is a great place for tourists who want to relax in warm and soothing waters.



THE ANCIENT THEATRE

It is located in the middle of Hierapolis and is very well preserved. Theatre had a capacity of 8500 – 10000 spectators and was divided into two parts as upper and lower parts of seat.

People arranged concerts, religious ceremonies, competitions in this theatre. In the friezes of the theatre some mythological scenes had been depicted.

NYMPHEUM

The Nymphaeum is located inside the sacred area in front of the Apollo temple. It was a monumental fountain distributing water to the houses of the city via a genius network of pipes.

THE MUSEUM

The Roman Bath, one of the largest structures in the city of Hierapolis, has been serving as the Hierapolis Archeology Museum since 1984. The museum, where many small and large works are exhibited, consists of three indoor spaces:Hall of Statues and Sarcophagi, Hall of Small Finds, Hall of Theater Artifacts. The works exhibited in the open area are mostly marble and stone works.

ST. PHILLIP MARTRYIUM

This martyrium is a monument of Saint Philip.


Saint Philip was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ and he was killed in Hierapolis in 80 AD. Monument was built in the 5th century AD. He and his daughter contributed greatly to the spreading of Christianity in Hierapolis.


Saint Philip Martyrium is another sign of the influence of Christianity in the city. It was not a church but was used for religious ceremonies.


Roman Baths

It was built in the 3rd century AD, Roman time. Classical architectural features which have large stone blocks were used in the construction.

When the effects of Christianity had increased and accepted by everyone in Hierapolis in the 4th century AD, Roman baths were converted into a church. The walls are carved by Christianity symbols such as crosses etc.

AGORA

Agora, which is between Frontinus Street and the eastern slopes, was used as a necropolis and workshop since it was far from the settlement area before the earthquake. This place, which was rebuilt in the 2nd century after the earthquake, started to be used as a commercial agora.

THE FRONTINUS STREET

The main north-south street of Hierapolis, known as Frontinus Street, was lined with columns and shops. Many ruins such as important public buildings, shops, houses belong to Roman era can be seen along the main street.


BALLOON TOURS

Pamukkale is one of the most beautiful regions where you can join to a balloon tour.. Balloon tours, which start early in the morning in Pamukkale, are frequently organized later in the day too. The average price of the ballon tour is 30 Euro and it offers you the oppurtunity to watch the magnificent view of the travertines and feel the marvelous history of the Hierapolis under your feet for 45 minutes to 1 hour.

NECROPOLIS

Necropolis means cemetery. In Greek language it means city of dead.

Hierapolis cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in Anatolia. Those who came to benefit from the healing water of the travertines but could not heal were buried here. Graves in Necropolis have suitability for the social class of the dead.