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Transcript

INDEX

A history of destruction in a nutshell by Krysta

Cathedral & Treasury by Konstantinos F.

Fort Lovrijenac
by Konstantinos P.

Large Onofrio's Fountain by Lefteris

Othisi High School, Greece, presents...

dubrovnik, croatia

start

https://theculturetrip.com/europe/croatia/articles/a-history-of-dubrovniks-city-walls/

INDEX

Pile Gate by Maritina

Architecture by Nick

General information

Walls by George

General information

Where is Dubrovnik?

The city of Dubrovnik is on the Adriatic Sea on the coast of Southern Croatia.

Languages
(past & present)

Official: Latin, Italian
Common: Dalmatian, Croatian (late 15th c. - now)

Origin of the word 'Dubrovnik'

Slavic: dubrava = oak grove

Area

Dubrovnik belonged to a thalassocratic city state in Dalmatia, which was called 'The Republic of Ragusa'.

Special dates

7th century: Foundation
14th-19th century: A free state
1667: An earthquake devastates the city
1979: UNESCO World Heritage Site

Currency

Past: Ragusa perpera and other
Present: kuna

Architecture

A Medieval City

The city of Dubrovnik is a magnificently intact walled city, which is widely known for it s medieval architecture. There used to be 4 gates leading into the the city: the Pile gate, the Ploce gate, the Perskajia gate and the Ponta gate.


Cleverly built

The buildings of Dubrovnik were mostly built out of stone. The city was built so that enemies couldn’t see them. Also, it was built like a maze so that if the enemies passed the walls, they would get lost. Dubrovnik is also known for its amazing narrow streets and alleys.

Various architectural styles

The buildings in Dubrovnik are built in different architectural styles. For example, the Rector's Palace is a Gothic and Renaissance palace with certain Baroque additions. Baroque is a style that emerged in Italy in the 16th century, which was characterised by dramatic lighting and colour, illusory effects, and designs that played games with architectural features.

Architecture

An earthquake-proof building!

The rectangular Sponza Palace is one of the few historical
structures that remainεδ completely unaffected by a devastating earthquake which took place in 1667. It was constructed between 1516 and 1522.



Sources

https://theculturetrip.com/europe/croatia/articles/a-walking-tour-of-dubrovniks-architectural-landmarks/
https://theculturetrip.com/europe/croatia/articles/a-history-of-dubrovniks-city-walls
https://www.archilovers.com/stories/15859/a-walk-through-the-medieval-architecture-of-dubrovnik.html
https://www.wallsofdubrovnik.com/dubrovnikwalls-forts-gates-entrances/
https://www.godubrovnik.com/bloggers/majestic-architecture-of-dubrovnik-when-old-meets-new
https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Baroque_architecture

walls

Amazing figures

The Walls of Dubrovnik are a series of protective stone walls which are 1940 meters long. The walls are thicker on the land side – up to 6m – and range from 1.5m to 3m on the side of the sea. They are up to 25m high.

Fortification: an effective form of defense

It is certain that the primary town was also surrounded by fortified walls, most likely mainly by wooden pickets. The creation of the first limestone forts around the city began in the early Middle Ages, near the end of the 8th century. The fact that Dubrovnik was able to survive a fifteen-month-long invasion by the Saracens in the 9th century demonstrates how well the city was defended. The menace of attacks from the Turks in the 15th century urged the city to reinforce the present forts and add new ones.

A famous shooting spot

The Walls were one of the Game Of Thrones shooting spots. It is a marvelous experience to walk down the Walls of Dubrovnik and think about the things you can do when visiting the city.

Walls

Sources

https://www.lonelyplanet.com/croatia/dubrovnik/attractions/city-walls-forts/a/poi-sig/1192927/358783
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walls_of_Dubrovnik
https://www.wallsofdubrovnik.com/


Pile Gate

A word of Greek origin

The main entrance to the Old Town is called Pile Gate. The name is derived from the Greek word ΄πύλη΄/pili/meaning 'gate'.

The bridge

In the old times there used to be a wooden drawbridge which was pulled up at night in order to protect the medieval, walled city. It was replaced by a stone bridge a long time ago which you can walk across even nowadays.

Decorative elements

The Pile Gate is built in Renaissance style and there are decorative elements which are incorporated in the building materials themselves. One can see the statue of the patron saint of the city, St Blaise, over the gate. He is holding a model of Dubrovnik in his hands.

Pile Gate

Sources

https://www.dubrovnik-travel.net/pile-gate/
http://en.cityzeum.com/p/pila-gate https://www.holamon.cat/en/walls-dubrovnik


A short video about Pile Gate:



Franciscan Pharmacy

A world known pharmacy

As strange as it may sound, this gorgeous pharmacy is well-known as one of the three oldest and biggest pharmacies in the whole world and it is situated at the old city of Dubrovnik.

From the monks with love

This pharmacy was initially used by the Franciscan Monks to treat their own patients. Later, it was used to serve the needs of the locals. The pharmacy is still operating to date selling drugs and offering the required care to the locals.

Secret formulas

The old pharmacy attracts a variety of tourists due to its beautiful décor, its variety of products and different recipes and one of a kind formulas devised by a Franciscan Monk himself .

Franciscan pharmacy

A quote about the pharmacy


“As a person from the field of Medicine, when I heard about the pharmacy in Croatia, which has been serving humanity for the last 700 years continuously, it got my attention. The most interesting fact about this pharmacy is that it is providing some products with ancient Franciscan’s recipes. There is a saying that herbal products are always useful as they have either less or almost no side effects compared to heavy medicines. Heavy medicines provide immediate temporary relief while, on the other hand, herbal products are natural and do not have side effects like heavy medicines. Herbal products are God gifted natural products, which bring human beings closer to the nature and provides them a way towards a healthier lifestyle.
Dr. Shah Muhammad Zubair-ul-Haque




Sources

700 Years old Pharmacy in Dubrovnik, Croatia – Nabeel Rashid Official
Old Pharmacy at Franciscan Monastery - Dubrovnik (dubrovnik-travel.net)


A history of destruction in a nutshell

The earthquake

The 1667 Dubrovnik earthquake was one of the most disastrous earthquakes to hit what is now modern Croatia in the last 2,400 years. Almost all the city was destroyed and around 2,200 people were killed. The earthquake also caused fires which spread due to the strong winds.

Shelling

In 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence, Dubrovnik was besieged by the Yugoslav People's Army for seven months and suffered significant damage from shelling. The city underwent repair and restoration works in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Fortunately...

The city has now been restored thanks to funding from UNESCO.

A history of destruction in a nutshell

Sources

https://www.croatiaweek.com/on-this-day-in-1667-biggest-earthquake-in-history-in-croatia-occurs/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubrovnik
yugoslav shelling dubrovnik - Bing images






large Onofrio's Fountain

Can you see the dog?

The Large Onofrio’s Fountain is a rounded polygonal structure situated in a small square near the Pile Gate. The fountain is topped with a dome and adorned with 16 stone water taps. A statue of a dog can be seen on the upper part of the wall of the fountain.

Onofrio's contribution to the city

It was designed by an Italian architect called Onofrio di Giordano della Cava in 1438. He was also the architect of other fountains within the city as well as the Rector’s Palace. Thanks to him, a system of 12 km long water supply lines brought water to the city from a spring.

An unfortunate event

The whole fountain suffered serious harm in the 1667 earthquake but has been carefully reconstructed.

large onofrio's fountain

Sources

https://www.dubrovnik-travel.net/onofrios-fountain
https://www.lonelyplanet.com/croatia/dubrovnik/attractions/large-onofrio-fountain/a/poi-sig/1020896/358783

A short video about Onofrio's Fountains:



Cathedral & Treasury

A long history

The cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary was constructed on the site of numerous previous cathedrals. In the earthquake of 1667, this structure was mostly demolished and it was finished in 1713.

Revisions to the original designs

The installation of a cross vault and the introduction of huge thermal windows on the top level were two major revisions made to the original designs. This makes the entire area feel lighter and brighter.

The Treasury collection

The treasury has 182 reliquaries including relics from local masters, Byzantium, Venice, and the Orient, dating from the 11th to 18th centuries. The gold-plated arm, leg, and skull of Saint Blaise are the most prominent pieces in the collection (patron saint of Dubrovnik). The head is embellished with precious stones and enameled medals in the shape of a Byzantine emperor's crown.

cathedral & treasury

Sources

https://www.gpsmycity.com/attractions/dubrovnik-cathedral-and-treasury-26746.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubrovnik_Cathedral
https://media.timeout.com/images/105499099/image.jpg
https://assets.atlasobscura.com/media/W1siZiIsInVwbG9hZHMvcGxhY2VfaW1hZ2VzL0RTQ183Njk2LkpQRyJdLFsicCIsInRodW1iIiwieDM5MD4iXSxbInAiLCJjb252ZXJ0IiwiLXF1YWxpdHkgODEgLWF1dG8tb3JpZW50Il1d/DSC_7696.JPG
https://tzdubrovnik.hr/lang/en/imgs/49718/6/1272721958fotol130_6.jpg