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talinn, estonia

Made by team from
Primary School dr. Franjo Tuđman Brela, Croatia

MAP

Talinn is the Estonian capital

Since 1997, the area has been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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DATA

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what have we found out about it?

The early history of Tallinn is linked to suburban Iru, where a castle was built in the end of the first millennium together with a nearby settlement . The castle was abandoned for unknown reasons in the end of the 11th century and Lindanise (Kolyvan in Russian sources) castle was built some time later on the today’s Toompea hill.

It is not easy to determine the beginning of Tallinn history. The location probably attracted attention as a suitable port area long before first written sources mention a settlement there, but all historians have is archaeological data.

History

Due to its position, the trade route in the Gulf of Finland became more widely used during the 9th and 10th century and thereby increased the importance of the Tallinn port site.

The origins of Tallinn date back to the 13th century, when a castle was built there by the crusading knights of the Teutonic Order.

The city developed as a significant centre of the Hanseatic League during the major period of activity of this great trading organization in the 13th-16th centuries.

The upper town (Toompea) with the castle and the cathedral has always been the administrative centre of the country, while the lower town has many narrow streets, many of which kept their medieval names. There are many burgher buildings, including town wall, Town Hall, pharmacy, churches, monasteries, merchants’ and craftsmen’ guilds,

One of the reasons the skyline of Tallinn is so recognisable from so far away is because of the number of churches built in the Old Town. Their spires rise up towards the sky from every section.
Not only are they useful for sailors at sea, It is also useful for navigating through the winding streets of the city itself.

The heart of the Old Town, the Town Hall Square, is where Estonians in summer enjoy the Old Town Days and Medieval Days .

Every mid-November, the Christmas tree is put on the Town Hall Square to enjoy one of the most beautiful Christmas markets in the world.

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