Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

Transcript

7

6

4

2

3

1

5

Egyptian amulets have been known since Predynastic times, but it was not until the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC) and especially from the Late Period (664-332 BC) onwards when their use became widespread, encompassing the whole of Egypt.Their different functions and meaning are shown in several papyri and on the ceiling of the third chapel dedicated to Osiris in the temple of Dandara, and, thus, correctly read, would give “life” to these small objects.

funeral beadnetLate Period (664—332 BC)FaienceFuneral beadnet to be placed over the bandages of the deceased. At the level of the chest there is a winged scarab, and in the center, four amulet-plates with mummiform aspect, representing the sons of Horus: human-headed Amset, baboon-headed Hapy, falcon-headed Quebehsenuf, and jackal-headed Duamutef.

EGYPTIAN FUNERARY AMULETS. PROTECTION AND MAGIC IN THE AFTERLIFEIn ancient Egypt, the funerary amulets were placed between the bandages or inserted in the beadnet dress that covered the mummified deceased, in order to protect, preserve and regenerate the body due to its magical properties.Amulets took many different forms, mainly figures of divinities, sacred animals, scarabs, plants, and real attributes, parts of the body or abstract concepts shaped like hieroglyphs. They were made of different materials that had a symbolic value according to their color, such as faience (youth), lapis lazuli (regeneration), carnelian and red jasper (blood) and gold (immutability).

POLYCHROME CARTONAGGEPtolemaic-Roman period (332 BC-300 AD)Polychrome cartonnage showing the goddess Maat with extended wings holding the feather of Justice. Underneath, Anubis is attending the deceased and is flanked by the goddesses Isis and Nephthys, as mourners. On both sides, the four sons of Horus are accompanied by Isis and Nephthys.

ARRANGEMENT OF AMULETS BETWEEN THE BANDAGESMaterials: Faience, stone, basalt and lapis lazuliLate Period (664-332 BC)There was never a single model in terms of the arrangement and number of amulets that had to accompany the deceased. The combinations were multiple, but all followed the rigorous religious-funeral logic, and reflected the social status of the latter.

7

20

12

10

21

5

22

4

14

26

16

6

17

3

8

9

1

23

24

11

2

13

25

19

18

15

11

1. Heart

2. Frog

3. Sow

4. Headrest

5. Ithyphallic figure

6. Toeris

7. Red Crown

8. White Crown

9. Shu

10. Wedjateyes

11. Papyrus stem

12. Lotus flower

13. Shen

14. Bastet cat

15. Uraeus

16. Thoth

17. Anubis

18. Sekhmet

11. Papyrus stem

19. Two fingers

20. Heart

21. Double feather

22. Plaque with 4 goddesses

23. Bes

24. Scarab

25. Djed-pillar

1. Heart.2. Frog.3. Sow.4. Headrest.5. Ithyphallic figure.6. Toeris.7. Red Crown.8. White Crown.9. Shu.10. Wedjateyes.11. Papyrus stem.12. Lotus flower.13. Shen.14. Bastet cat.15. Uraeus.16. Thoth.17. Anubis.18. Sekhmet.19. Two fingers.20. Heart.21. Double feather.22. Plaque with 4 goddesses.23. Bes.24. Scarab.25. Djed-pillar.