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HOW LONG DID IT EXIST FOR?
Ancient Egypt is one of the most important civilizations in the history of mankind.What we know as Ancient Egypt began in 3150 BC. and disappeared when it was conquered by the powerful Roman Empire in 31 BC..Doing the math is easy!: it lasted no more and no less than about 3000 years.
WHERE WAS ANCIENT EGYPT?It was located in North East Africa. Its inhabitants were creating cities on the banks of the Nile River until its mouth in the Mediterranean Sea. The civilization of Ancient Egypt developed along the Nile River because it was the area where it could be best cultivated.The Nile passes through the hot, arid desert of sand. The first settlers who arrived on their banks realized that each summer the river overflowed and flooded the valley for several weeks. When the waters returned to their channel, the good part of the matter came: The soil was soaked and covered with a mud perfect for sowing.The Nile River became a real source of life that attracted more and more people, being the final stretch, where the river delta is located, the most fertile terrain of the entire route.The most important city and first capital of Ancient Egypt was Memphis. In the year 2240 BC. C. the capital moved to Thebas and, in the last period, to Alexandria.Did you know that the Nile River is the longest river on the African continent and the second longest in the world?
The Nile River rises in the equatorial lakes of Africa and runs north through a large crevice of the terrain until it reaches the delta, where it divides into two branches.
Giza and Saqqara
DELTA DEL NILO
KARNAK Y LUXOR(Templos)
THE NILE FLOODSAnnual flooding of the Nile occurred at the end of the summer or in autumn. The Egyptians learned to expand the flood area with canals and ponds, so the floods were very useful for the crops.Egyptians took advantage of the floods to get better crops
"THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN IS WITHIN YOU; AND HE WHO KNOWS HIMSELF WILL FIND IT."
WHAT DID THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS BELIEVE IN?
The Egyptian people firmly believed that there was life after death, a life much better than the earthly life; but in order to enjoy that second chance, the bodies must remain intact.How did they get it? To prevent the corpses from becoming rotten, they embalmed them. This means they were emptied, dried and wrapped with bandages. Once the process was over, the mummies were buried in tombs with food and some of their belongings (combs, cups…) to use in the beyond.
The ancient Egyptians believed in several gods and, to worship them, celebrated many rituals in temples.Some of the most important were Ra, Osiris and Amon.
The more important the person, the more important their grave was.
Of course, the tombs of the pharaohs were the most impressive and you know them well: the pyramids.
WHAT ARE PYRAMIDS?
The pyramids are the incredible constructions in which the pharaoh was buried after his death. Yes, they are gigantic tombs that were raised thanks to the work done by thousands and thousands of workers from all over Egypt.
HOW ARE THEY MADE?
The pyramid is only the visible part. Underneath it is the most important part: The sealed chamber of Pharaoh. It is there, under meters of land, where the mummy is preserved, inside a sarcophagus, next to the objects to take to the other life.
WHAT WERE THEY FOR?
The pyramid was a structure designed for the pharaoh to rest forever safe from tomb robbers and inclement weather.
A CHANGE IN CONSTRUCTIONAfter the first step pyramid, the objective was to build pyramids of smooth and geometrically perfect faces. The difficult challenge was achieved and reached its maximum perfection in the famous and majestic pyramids of the Cheops, Chefrén and Micerinos Pharaohs, located in the necropolis of Giza.This set is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
WHICH WAS THE FIRST PYRAMID?The first pyramid, commanded to be built by Pharaoh Zoser, is in Saqqara. It is still preserved and characterized because it is staggered. This large and spectacular monument had to have a lot of impact because, from then on, all the pharaohs wanted to have their own pyramid."A colossal place to rest for all eternity"
THE PYRAMIDS OFANCIENT EGYPT
WHAT WERE HOMES LIKE IN ANCIENT EGYPT?
The general population lived in houses made of a material made from mud and straw called adobe. The houses of the poor were very humble, small and dark.
The rich owned villas with several rooms decorated with paintings, and beautiful gardens where trees, flowers and ponds abounded.
STONEStone was very expensive and harder to get, so it was only used in palaces, temples, public buildings and funeral buildingsDecorative monuments such as sculptures or obelisks were also made in stone.
LIFE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE
Most Egyptians lived in the countryside but were not the owners of the products they cultivated or of the cattle, since this belonged to kings or pharaohs, as they were called in Ancient Egypt, and also to the nobles. The people who worked in the camp for them were divided into two types: Peasants and slaves.
LIFE IN THE CITIES
The cities, also settled around the banks of the Nile, were home to the most powerful and wealthy people, such as pharaohs, priests or nobles. In areas slightly further away from the main points, that is, in neighboring neighborhoods, artisans and traders lived.
LIFE IN THE COUNTRYLife in the countryside was very hard. They cultivated products such as cereal, fruit and vegetables, and divided the tasks by gender, with men plowing the land and women planting the crops.Kids also had to work in Ancient Egypt.
LIFE IN THE CITIESAt this time, craftsmen dedicated to ceramics or sculpture, as well as textile linen manufacturers, were very common. There were also writers, musicians, painters and doctors, whose wisdom was much appreciated.
ANCIENT EGYPT FOR CHILDREN
Here you can see a video about the Egyptian civilization with which you can learn many fun facts.
SONG ABOUT EGYPTDon't miss this fun song, you're sure to love it!"Colored mummies"
Independent villages ruled by monarchs
Primeros documentos escritosINICIO DE LA HISTORIA3.400 a.C.
PRIMER PERIODO INTERMEDIO2.200 a.C - 2.050 a.C
APARICIÓN DE LOS HICSOS
EDAD DE BRONCE
COMIENZA EL IMPERIO NUEVO
EDAD DE HIERRO
IMPORTANTES CAMBIOSen la sociedad, la política y la cultura egipcia
ART IN ANCIENTEGYPT
The art was mostly religious, destined to be part and decorate temples and tombs. Sculptors and painters were considered craftsmen (not artists like today), so they just did what was in charge of them. For hundreds of years art remained unaltered, almost unchanged.
SCULPTURE & PAINTINGIn general, sculpture is characterized by rigidity and lack of expressiveness and painting by representing each part of the figure (whether person, animal or thing) from a point of view, and by the use of flat (unmixed) but very vivid colors.
A new writing system based on signs and drawings.
Antecedent of modern paper
It is the first known solar calendar in history.