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WHAT IS ANESSENTIAL OIL?
WHAT IS AN ESSENTIAL OIL?
An essential oil is an aromatic liquid of fluid or thick appearance and of variable color depending on the plants from which it is extracted. It is segregated by special cells found in both the leaves (peppermint, basil linalol), as in the flowers (lavender, ylang ylang), the wood (Atlas cedar, white sandalwood), the roots (ginger, valerian, vetiver) or the seeds (cilantro, green aniseed, carrot). The size of these droplets is a few microns, which is why we can't see them.
When the aromatic plant is rubbed, the droplets of essential oilare released into the atmosphere and reach us through the nose. The olfactory receptorsof the nose are activated and send sensory stimuli to different areas of the brain.
WHY DO AROMATIC PLANTS PRODUCEESSENTIAL OILS?
Essential oils are chemical messengers that aromatic plants use tointeract with their environment. Essential oils allow disease andparasites to be removed, but they also have a protective role against the sun's rays.
Essential oils play an important role in the reproduction and dispersal of plant species that attract pollinating insects.
HOW ARE ESSENTIALOILS OBTAINED?
Distillation by water vapour, or water vapour trawling, is the most common technique for obtaining essential oils.
The technique of cold pressing is reserved for citrus peels (lemon, lime, sweet orange, bitter orange).
The technique of enfloration (or maceration by saturation) is old and is hardly used today.
The solvent extraction technique currently replaces that of enflorating.
There are several techniques that vary according to the part of the plant being treated, its fragility and its botanical characteristics:
It is the only technique authorized by the European Pharmacopoeia, along with cold pressing to extract essential oils from the shells of critics.
Citrus essential oilis found in small bags located under the skin of the fruit (pericarp). Hydraulic presses are used to carry out this technique.
It is used for plants or parts of plants with an aroma too fragile to withstand the heat of a distillation.
It also manages to obtain absolute essences much requested among perfumers for the purity of its powerful aroma.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF AN ESSENTIAL OIL
Essential oils are very complex and concentrated aromatic plant extracts.They can contain more than a hundred aromatic molecules in very variable proportions.It is these different combinations of molecules that give essential oils their particular properties and the cause of their characteristic odor.
There are many factors that come into play in the quality of essential oils. First, plant selection and harvest time are paramount: Plants must be botanically identified and come from wild, biological or traditional cultivation, without the use of pesticides or other chemicals. Plants should be grown on their native biotopes.
QUALITATIVE CRITERIA OF AN ESSENTIAL OIL
The extraction must be carried out under rigorous laboratory conditions, controlling the temperature and pressure parameters. Storage should be in containers adapted to essential oils, kept away from light and at temperatures not exceeding 25 degrees. Essential oils are fragile extracts.
HOW TO USEESSENTIAL OILS
With an electric diffuser, vaporizer or essences burner. This method allows very fine particles of essential oils to be propagated in the air and benefit from their effect through the respiratory tract.
USES OF ESSENTIAL OILS
Essential oils penetrate very easily into the epidermis, then reach all tissues. For this reason, essential oils should be carefully chosen based on their skin compatibility.
This use is indicated only under the prescription of your therapist. Essential oils are highly concentrated and when used incorrectly can lead to serious poisoning.
Used in this way, essential oils, while scenting the environment, allow to purify the air. The dose should always be reduced so as not to bother
The dose and solvent chosen should be studied according to the objective to be achieved.
Essential oils should never be administered orally without the recommendation of a specialist.
HOW DO YOU STORE ESSENTIAL OILS?
Always protected from light and in its original glass container. Keep away from any heat source as well. Essential oils are fragile and can be altered if stored incorrectly.
PROPERTIES OFESSENTIAL OILS
Essential oils have numerous medicinal properties that are common to them. They are effective against numerous different germs and viruses, as well as against fungi.
Each essential oil has its own specific therapeutic property. To determine this, it is necessary to follow the advice of the manufacturer's technical sheet or read highly specialized bibliography, preferably written by doctors or pharmacists.
Keep out of reach of children (locked closet). Store the bottles with a legible label to avoid any confusion.
"Essential oils are highly concentrated and when used incorrectly can lead to serious poisoning"
What they are, propertiesand uses
What are essential oils? What are they for? And most importantly, how do you use them?You'll learn all this and many other curiosities about the world of essential oils in this video.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF ESSENTIAL OILS
The main uses of Essential Oils (EOs) include therapeutic care (oral, transcutaneous, cutaneous, pulmonary), therapeutic massage, cosmetic and hair care, balneotherapy, perfumery and gastronomy.
EO are highly concentrated plant extracts. Appropriate excipients should be used for all absorption pathways, especially for the oral route.
EOs are not hydrosoluble, therefore water should not be used as an excipient, vegetable oils, a cleaning base (shampoo, shower gel), alcohol or a neutral cream base are preferred.
For the oral route, dilute the EO in a vegetable oil, in honey or in sugar (cane sugar syrup).
PRECAUTIONS IN THE USE OF ESSENTIAL OILS
- Keep out of reach of children.- Never pour pure EO into the water, because used in this way can cause an irritation of the tissues.- Do not use in children under 3 years.- Certain EOs can be dangerous for pregnant or breastfeeding women. Avoid self-medication. Ask your aromatherapist doctor for advice..-Before use it is advisable to check the tolerance to EO by means of a test on the skin (apply on the inside of the wrist).- In case of accidental ingestion, ingest vegetable oil (from 1 to 3 tablespoons), do not cause vomiting. Never drink water.- All citrus essential oils are photosensitizing. Do not expose yourself to the sun for 12 hours after application or ingestion.
-Special attention should be given to patients with a known allergy, as a number of potentially allergenic molecules may be present in the EO (cinamaldehyde, citral, citronelol, eugenol, geraniol, D-limonene, linalol, coumarin, etc.).-Some EOs cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes. The aggressiveness of phenols and aldehydes for the skin and mucous membranes should be taken into account. Choose adapted excipients and appropriate concentrations.-In case of contact with the eyes, quickly clean the oil out with a cotton soaked in pure vegetable oil or pour several drops of this pure vegetable oil on the eyeball.- Anogenital areas, the atrial, nasal and intravenous routes should never be subject to pure EO.- Piperite mint essential oil should never be applied over a wide skin area (cold reaction).-Medical monitoring is essential for all patients with long-term pathologies and older persons, as it is appropriate to verify the absence of interactions between EOs and ongoing treatments.In case of accidental ingestion of a significant amount of essential oil, contact the nearest toxicology center.