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Transcript

LINKING PHRASES - CONTRAST

ALTHOUGHEVEN THOUGH

IN SPITE OF DESPITE

· We went to the beach in spite of the rain.· Despite the quarrel, they are still best friends.

HOWEVER,

NOUN

-ING

SUBJECT + VERB

· She failed the test in spite of studying hard.

NOT POSSIBLE*

· Although she studied hard, she failed the test.

· She studied hard. However, she failed the test.

+

+

+

+

+

NOT POSSIBLE

NOT POSSIBLE

NOT POSSIBLE

NOT POSSIBLE

Despite is slightly more formal.They must be followed by a noun or an -ing form.

It is normally used at the beginning of a sentence, although it can be at the end of it.It must be separated off by a comma.

They are conjunctions. That's why they must be followed by clauses.Although and even though can be used at the beginning of the sentence and in the middle.Even though is stronger than although.Though is informal and must be used in the middle of the sentence.

Despite is slightly more formal.They must be followed by a noun or an -ing form.

If you want to use a clause, you need to use "the fact that".e.g.:Despite the fact thatshe studied hard, she failed her test.