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You are probably familiar with the SAMR Model. It's an acronym for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition. This model of technology integration was developed by Ruben R. Puentedura, Ph.D. who began researching this topic because he wanted to ensure that the use of technology enhanced teaching practice. SAMR is a framework that helps educators be more intentional in integrating technology.


Triple E Framework (Links to an external site.)

The Triple E is a researched-based open-source framework developed by the School of Education at the University of Michigan for educators to measure how well technology tools integrated into lessons are helping students engage in, enhance and extend learning goals. The Triple E measures the degree to which the technology in a lesson is helping students meet the learning goals. The focus is on the learning goals, and not specific technology tools.

The framework is based on three distinct and different components tied to effective practices when integrating technology:

  • Engagement in learning goals
  • Enhancement of learning goals
  • Extension of learning goals.

Educators can use the Triple E Evaluation Rubric (Links to an external site.) in lesson plan development, evaluation of the potential effectiveness of educational apps in learning, and evaluation of the potential effectiveness of tech tools in lesson plans. The measurement tool guides teachers in thinking about what happens when proven teaching strategies intersect with technology tools. Teachers who leverage technology effectively integrate instructional moves to amplify learning through increased engagement, enhancement of curricular goals, and by extending student learning beyond the classroom.

TPACK - Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge (Links to an external site.)

TPACK is an acronym for Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge. As a technology integration framework, TPACK, supports the approach that knowledge about technology cannot be treated as context-free and that effective teaching demands an understanding of how technology relates to the pedagogy and content. As it has gained popularity over time, many scholars and researchers have worked to develop the ideas presented by the TPACK philosophy. In 2006, Mishra and Koehler described the framework for technology integration as reliant on the following three forms of knowledge:

  1. Content Knowledge - Knowledge of the subject matter, such as Literacy, Math, or Science.
  2. Pedagogical Knowledge - Knowledge about processes and practices or methods of teaching.
  3. Technology Knowledge - Knowledge about the standard technologies and advanced technologies

TPACK takes these three main forms of knowledge and explores how they interact with one another. It asserts that meaningful technology integration occurs when these three areas work together to create an impactful learning experience for all students by allowing the formation of new knowledge and new expertise.