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INFINITIVE OR GERUND

Transcript

INFINITIVE

GERUND

· AFTER CERTAIN VERBS

· AS THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE - Smoking is bad for your health.

NEGATIVE FORM:NOT TO + V-ing

· AFTER CERTAIN VERBS

· AFTER MANY ADJECTIVES - It's difficult to get up early on Mondays.

· TO EXPRESS PURPOSE (why): - I came to London to study English.

NEGATIVE FORM: NOT TO + INFINITIVE

· AFTER PREPOSITIONS - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving home.

· AFTER QUESTION WORDS - I don't know what to study.

agree: She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting. ask*: I asked to leave early / I asked him to leave early. decide: We decided to go out for dinner. help*: He helped to clean the kitchen / he helped his flatmate to clean the kitchen. plan: She plans to buy a new flat next year. hope: I hope to pass the exam. learn: They are learning to sing. want*: I want to come to the party / I want him to come to the party. would like*: I would like to see her tonight / I would like you to see her tonight. promise: We promised not to be late.

SOME VERBS FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE

SOME VERBS FOLLOWED BY GERUND

enjoy: I enjoyed living in France. fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight. discuss: We discussed going on holiday together. dislike: I dislike waiting for buses. finish: We've finished preparing for the meeting. mind: I don't mind coming early. suggest: He suggested staying at the Grand Hotel. recommend: They recommended meeting earlier. keep: He kept working, although he felt ill. avoid: She avoided talking to her boss.