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ENvironmental inventory

David Rosado, Antonio Menor y Raúl Municio

Rose bush

- Gender: Rosa
- Family: Rosaceae
It is a shrub that reaches 1–2 m and grows in hedges or forms thickets. The leaves are pinnate, have 3–5 leaflets, each leaflet 2.5–6 cm long and 1–3 cm broad. In the wild species (sometimes listed as Rosa chinensis var. spontanea), the flowers have five pink to red petals. The fruit is a red hip 1–2 cm diameter. The strong, stalk-round branches have an almost bare, purplish-brown bark and there may be many to no curved, stocky, flat spines.
- Invasion state: casual

Rosa Chinensis

Iris germanica

Blue lily

- Gender: Iris L.
- Family: Iridaceae
Iris germanica grows up to 120 cm high and 30 cm wide. The roots can go up to 10 cm deep and it is a rhizomatous perennial that blooms mid to late spring. Hundreds of hybrids exist representing nearly every colour from jet black to sparkling whites, except bright scarlet.
- Invasion state: established

Euryops pectinatus

Yellow daisy

- Gender: Eurypos
- Family: Compositae
IIt is a vigorous evergreen shrub growing to 1.5 m tall and wide, with silvery green, hairy leaves and yellow, daisy-like composite flowers 5 cm in diameter. They bloom from early summer through to autumn and into winter in areas with mild climates.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Prunus cerasifera

Sour Cherry

- Gender: Prunus
- Family: Rosaceae
Wild types are large shrubs or small trees reaching 8–12 m tall, sometimes spiny, with glabrous, ovate deciduous leaves 3–7 cm long. It is one of the first European trees to flower in spring, often starting in mid-February before the leaves have opened. The flowers are white or pale pink and about 2 cm across, with five petals and many stamens. The fruit is an edible drupe, 2–3 cm in diameter, ripening to yellow or red from early July to mid-September. They are self-fertile but can also be pollinated by other Prunus varieties such as the Victoria plum. The plant propagates by seed or by suckering, and is often used as the rootstock for other Prunus species and cultivars.
- Invasion state: established

Cotoneaster coriaceus

Cotoneaster

- Gender: Cotoneaster
- Family: Rosaceae
The shoots are dimorphic, with long shoots (10–40 cm long) producing structural branch growth, and short shoots (0.5–5 cm long) bearing the flowers; this pattern often developing a 'herringbone' form of branching. The leaves are arranged alternately, 0.5–15 cm long, ovate to lanceolate in shape , entire; both evergreen and deciduous species occur. The flowers are produced in late spring through early summer, solitary or in corymbs of up to 100 together.
- Invasion state: invasive in the US, South Africa and Australia.

Lavandula dentata

Curly lavender

- Gender: Lavandula
- Family: Lamiaceae
Lavandula dentata is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean, the Atlantic islands and the Arabian peninsula. Growing to 60 cm tall, it has gray-green, linear or lance-shaped leaves with toothed edges and a lightly woolly texture. The long-lasting, narrow spikes of purple flowers, topped with pale violet bracts, first appear in late spring. The whole plant is strongly aromatic with the typical lavender fragrance.
- Invasion state: casual

Vinca difformis Pourr.

"Alcandórea"

- Gender: Vinca
- Family: Apocynaceae
Vinca difformis, commonly called the intermediate periwinkle, is an evergreen, flowering subshrub native to Western Europe, including the Iberian Peninsula, France, the Italian Peninsula and Sardinia. Its whitish-blue flowers have a blooming season from late winter to early spring. It grows to about half a meter, and forms mats over a meter across.
- Invasion state: invasive in the UK and Ireland.

Platanus occidentalis

"Plátano de sombra" (American sycamore)

- Gender: Platanus
- Family: Platanaceae
An American sycamore tree can often be easily distinguished from other trees by its mottled bark which flakes off in large irregular masses, leaving the surface mottled and gray, greenish-white and brown. The bark of all trees has to yield to a growing trunk by stretching, splitting, or infilling. The sycamore shows the process more openly than many other trees. The explanation is found in the rigid texture of the bark tissue which lacks the elasticity of the bark of some other trees, so it is incapable of stretching to accommodate the growth of the wood underneath, so the tree sloughs it off.
- Invasion state: Lest concern (UICN)

Cistus salviifolius

Moorish Jagz

- Gender: Cistus
- Family: Cistacae
Cistus salviifolius has spreading stems covered by clumpy hairs. This bushy shrub reaches on average 30–60 cm in height, with a maximum of 100 cm. The oval-shaped green leaves are 1 to 4 cm long, opposite, reticulate, tomentose on both sides, with a short petiole (2–4 mm). The inflorescence holds one or more round flowers, long-stalked, arranged at the leaf axils. The five white petals have a yellow spot at the base, forming a corolla 4–6 cm in diameter.
- Invasion state: invasive in the US

Juncus acutus

Spiny rush

- Gender: Juncus
- Family: Juncaceae
Juncus acutus is a brown and green "tussocky" perennial that can be to 1.5 metres tall in all kinds of soils, in areas which go from extremes in flood and dry like dunes or that just stay wet like lowland grassland and grassy woodland, riparian vegetation, freshwater wetland, and saline and subsaline wetlands.
- Invasion state: least concern (UICN)

Erodium ciconium

Stork beak

- Gender: Erodium
- Family: Geraniaceae
It is the species that has the longest pins, leafy at the base, rough or hirsute on the stems. Flowers in groups of three or four, ends and sides, on long, radial peduncles, of purple colour and with hairs, in a whorl with yellowish bracts, the right peduncles in the flowering, inclined in the fructification. Flower of 1,5 cm of diameter, more or less hermaphrodite, with five lilac or violet petals and three purple nerves, similar in length to sepals
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Sorbus domestica

Common rowan

- Gender: Eurypos
- Family: Compositae
Sorbus domestica, the common serbal, azarollo , sip, sorbeira, zurbal, the whistle, gerbil or jerbal is a deciduous tree that has an edible fruit called serba, zurba or jerba.
In the Balearic Islands the village of Son Servera takes the name of this tree, serbal
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Eruca vesicaria

Arugula

- Gender: Eurypos
- Family: Compositae
Eruca vesicaria, commonly called arugula, caterpillar, ruca, arugula or roqueta, is an annual, wild or cultivated, edible plant of the family Brassicaceae.
It is native to the Mediterranean region. It is found in central and eastern Spain, the rest of southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia.

- Invasion state: non-invasive

Silene colorata Poir

Silene

- Gender: Silene
- Family: Caryophyllaceae
Silene is a genus of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae. It is synonymous with the genus Lychnis, among many others.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Rumex scutatus

Roman sorrel

- Gender: Eurypos
- Family: Compositae
The Roman sorrel is a species of plants of the family of the poligonaceae.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Prunus cerasifera

Ciruelo mirobolano

- Gender: Prunus
- Family: Rosaceae
Prunus cerasifera, known as Myrobolan Plum, Cherry Plum or Garden Plum is a botanical species of the subgenus Prunus native to central and eastern Europe, and to central and south-western Asia.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Laurus nobilis

Laurel

- Gender: Laurus
- Family: Lauraceae
Laurus nobilis, commonly called laurel or laurus, is a shrub or evergreen tree belonging to the family of lauraceae, to which it gives its name. It is native to the Mediterranean area and its leaves are used for remedies and cooking.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Quercus coccifera

Chaparro

- Gender: Quercus
- Family: Fagaceae
Quercus coccifera is a species of shrub, sometimes a tree up to 6 meters, belonging to the fagaceae family native to the Mediterranean region. It has many vernacular names, the most used are: chaparro, chaparra, coscoja, carrasco, carrasco, carrasquilla or carrasquizo.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Aloe vera

Sábila

- Gender: Aloe
- Family: Asphodelaceae
Aloe vera, called aloe, acíbar or Barbados aloe, among others, is a succulent species of the family Asphodelaceae.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Fumaria officinalis

Moth or Blood of Christ

- Gender: Fumaria
- Family: Papaveraceae
Fumaria officinalis, commonly called palomilla or sangre de Cristo, among many other names, is a species of annual herbaceous plant of the genus Fumaria in the family Papaveraceae, native to Europe.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Hordeum murinium

- Gender: Hordeum
- Family: Poaceae
Herbaceous plant with hollow and spongy stem that presents internodes, each stem has a spike. The leaves formed by a basal sheath and laminated by the ligule. Its spike is the inflorescence of the plant that is considered an extension of the stem, it is dense, brittle, cylindrical, and is made up of groups of 3 spikelets, glumes or glumelae of a single flower.

- Invasion state: non-invasive


Tree mallow

Onopordum acanthium

- Gender: Eurypos
- Family: Compositae
IIt is a vigorous evergreen shrub growing to 1.5 m tall and wide, with silvery green, hairy leaves and yellow, daisy-like composite flowers 5 cm in diameter. They bloom from early summer through to autumn and into winter in areas with mild climates.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

borriquero thistle

Aconitum napellus

common monkshood

- Gender: Aconitum
- Family: Ranunculales
It is a hairless perennial herbaceous plant, 1 m or more, with a simple stem. It has a fleshy fusiform root with tubers up to 15 cm long, in the form of turnips that are pale in color when young and brown when old.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Calendula arvensis

Yellow daisy

- Gender: Calendula
- Family: Asteraceae
It is a very branchy annual plant 5-25 cm, with oblong leaves. Chapters with orange or yellow ray florets, longer than the involucre bracts. Fruit chapters with external row of weevil curved achenes. Variable species. It blooms between April and October.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Capsela Bursa-Pastoris

shepherd's bag

- Gender: Capsela
- Family: Brassicales
This herbaceous plant with no more than 40 cm is unmistakable, when seeing its fruits, a defining characteristic within the family, as shown in the photograph (greatly enlarged). Its small flower, barely 4 mm, from the end of winter and almost all year round (if it is not very dry) is white with small reddish lines, the leaves are arranged in a basal rosette.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Cotoneaster coriaceus franch

- Gender: Cotonaster
- Family: Rosaceae
It is an evergreen tree or shrub that reaches a size of up to 4 meters high and wide. Clusters of white flowers are followed by masses of small globose, red fruits (pommel) in autumn.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Acer platanoides

Aciron

- Gender: Acer
- Family: Sapindaceae
It is a deciduous tree that can reach up to 35 m in height, although it usually does not exceed 25 m. It has a smooth, light gray bark. The leaves are palmate and serrated. The flowers are yellowish green and arranged in panicles. Its fruits are the samaras.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

- Gender: Diplotaxis
- Family: Sapindaceae
It is a deciduous tree that can reach up to 35 m in height, although it usually does not exceed 25 m. It has a smooth, light gray bark. The leaves are palmate and serrated. The flowers are yellowish green and arranged in panicles. Its fruits are the samaras.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

wild dandelion

Rubus ilmifolius Schott

Blackberry

- Gender: Rubus
- Family: Rosaceae
It has odd-pinnate leaves, most of which are made up of five petioled and pointed leaflets, sometimes only three, quite variable, elliptical in shape, ovate or obovate, with a serrated or serrated edge, dark green on the upper surface and white-tomentose on the underside.
- Invasion state: non-invasive

Thank you!