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The Aldan region

The Interactive Workbook by Olizarenko Iuliia


The flag of the Aldan Region




The Coat of Arms of the Aldan region



There is a wavy azure column in the scarlet field. On a narrow silver belt there is a rising silver bear on the right and a sable on the left. They face each other and hold a yellow-and-black shining sun with golden raнs in their front paws. At the top there are seven silver diamonds placed in the arc.

The bear is a symbol of confidence, firmness, strength and calm, peaceful character of the Aldan region residents.

The sable, so-called “soft gold" of the gold-ore Aldan district, since the ancient times was the main commercial fur for the native people-the Evenks.

The azure winding pillar symbolizes the Aldan River after which the district is named, and the narrow silver belt itself at the bottom stands for the railway road coming through the entire territory of the district from the south to the north.

The yellow-and-black sun in the emblem of the gold reflects the economic features of the Aldan district, which is the center of the gold mining industry in Yakutia.

Diamonds in a special stylization are similar to the ones in the State Emblem of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

The scarlet color of the field is a symbol of courage, selflessness, work, life-affirming strength and beauty.


Find the synonyms to the words: azure, scarlet, mining, pillar, stands for, features, district.

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Now you can describe compare and contrast the flag and the coat of arms of Aldan region.

Mention common features and differences.

Try to speak continuously and say 9-10 sentences.





You can describe the coat of arms by making a Word Cloud by the following link

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The Nature and Environment

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Aldan Highlands

The taiga makes up most of the Aldan land. In winter and summer, the coniferous forest is equally decorated. Its true owner is the Daurian larch, whose good neighbor is the pine. Spruce forests predominate in the river valleys, and Siberian cedar in the south-western part of the district. Although it does not form large massifs, it truly adorns the taiga. The fir gives the charm. Of the deciduous ones birch, aspen and sweet poplar are most often found.

Aldan district covers an area of 15681 thousand hectares. Geographers divide all these vast expanses into two natural zones - the Prilensky Plateau and the Aldan highlands. The border between them runs along a tectonic ledge on the right bank of the Aldan River, separating the north from the south. On different sides of it nature is different.

The Aldan Highlands are located at the southern end of the Sakha Republic, between the Aldan River and the Uchur River, a right tributary of the Aldan. The Aldan partly crosses the uplands in the north, in the same manner as the Amga River in the west. The highlands are limited by the Stanovoy Range to the southwest, and by its Toko-Stanovik subrange to the south and southeast. In the northwest the Olyokma River marks the limit, beyond which lies the Lena Plateu. The Dzhugdzhur Range rises to the east of the highlands.

The highest point of the Aldan Highlands is Mount Ningam, a 2,287 metres (7,503 ft) high peak located in the southern part, rising above the basin of the Gonam River, a left tributary of the Uchur. The same mountain is 2,306 metres (7,566 ft) high according to other sources.

Aldan has the typical eastern Siberian subarctic climate. Winters are long and severely cold with heavy snowfalls and extreme temperatures as summers are short and hot but with heavy rainfalls. The coldest temperature recorded in Aldan since the weather station was opened in 1937 has been −48.7 °C or −55.7 °F on 4 January 1951 and the hottest 35.2 °C or 95.4 °F on 3 August 1969. February 1969, with a mean temperature of −33.6 °C or −28.5 °F, has been the coldest month on record, shading the preceding January which averaged −33.4 °C or −28.1 °F.



The taiga makes up most of the Aldan land. In winter and summer, the coniferous forest is equally decorated. Its true owner is the Daurian larch, whose good neighbor is the pine. Spruce forests predominate in the river valleys, and Siberian cedar in the south-western part of the district. Although it does not form large massifs, it truly adorns the taiga. The fir gives the charm. Of the deciduous ones birch, aspen and sweet poplar are most often found.

There are such berries as lingonberries, sweet blueberries.Seven species of currants, including mochovce and okhta grows in the Aldan Region. There are about 20 types of mushrooms on the territory of the district. Especially there are a lot of pears, whiteflies, butterflyfish, aspen, and russets. During the season, local residents can harvest from 35 to 70 tons of mushrooms. Aldan nature is a storehouse of medicinal raw materials. There are at least 40 species of medicinal plants found here.



It is free for wild reindeer in the Aldan taiga. The local population calls it Sogjoy. Moose can be found everywhere. In summer, the animals are kept in the floodplains of rivers, lakes and swamps. In winter, they go for extensive terraces and gentle slopes.

Sixty percent of the area of the district is inhabited by izyubr. Nature has given him perfect hearing and vision. At the same time, the izyubr is very cautious, which was the reason for its rapid settlement and increase in population.

The number of brown bears has increased significantly due to the ban, a moratorium on their plunder. At the end of April, the Aldan bears come out of their dens, rush to the floodplains of large rivers, their tributaries.

The wolf lives in the Aldan district everywhere, its number is growing. It is mobile, able to make large transitions in search of food.

Sable reigns in the Aldan taiga for several decades. Sable became the subject of mass production. Its fur, fluffy and warm, goes on hats and collars.

The American mink in Aldan appeared as a result of acclimatization works. The first batch was settled on the rivers Selemdzha, Seligdar, Ecokit, Tommot. The following were produced in other areas, so that already in the 70s, the mink became a common, and in some areas, a numerous species.

The squirrel has been been a traditional species in the area for ages. They jump from branch to branch, competing with grouse and capercaillie.

Red-haired beauties foxes can be counted on the fingers. Only a few people can admire them.

Taimen, lenok, grayling, and valek live in the Aldan mountain rivers. Golden and silver carp inhabit the lakes. Tugun, dace, pike and whitefish prefer the waters of the beautiful Amga as warmer, although taimen, grayling, lenok and valek have also found a place there.

The Yakut business unit of JSC "Aldanzoloto" GRK " develops 11 gold deposits. The deposits are located on the territory of the Kuranah ore field, about 500 km southwest of Yakutsk. The Kuranah Gold Recovery Plant is rightfully considered the flagship of the domestic gold mining industry. The company is part of the Polyus Group, which is the largest Russian gold producer and one of the ten largest gold producers in the world.

Are you ready to learn about some awesome sightseeings of the Aldan region?

Hattystyr, a center of the Evenk natives

You can visit a Reindeer Herder festival which takes place every March.

Emeldzhak, a ghost village

It was an industrial village, the inhabitants of which extracted phlogopite-a valuable raw material at that time. Before the widespread use of glass, mica was put into the windows of houses and carriages. Later, mica was used in radio engineering, aviation, electrical engineering, and other industries. The village was opened in 1940 and finally closed in 1998.

Nizhny Kuranah,
a piece of Soviet art still remains

Ski Lodge in Aldan.

There is a ski resort at a distance of 24 km in Lebediny . In 2012 the ski training center began its work. It is open not only for local athletes, but also leading Russian biathletes and skiers train there. And there are no accidents as the skiing conditions here are almost ideal.


Aldan is a gold-mining town and the administrative center of Aldansky Region of the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the Aldan highlands, in the Aldan River basin, on the stream Orto-Sala near its mouth in the Seligdar River, about 470 kilometers of the republic's capital city Yakutsk. Its population is about 21.000 people.

The Building of the Railway station

The status of the city was received in 1932, and in 1939 it was renamed to Aldan.

On December 19, 1992 the “Golden link” was laid and the first train arrived at the station Aldan.

A monument to the gold-discoverers M. P. Tarabukin, and V. P. Bertin is one of the most significant symbols of the town.

An Orthodox Church was built in 2000. near to the monument to the heroes of World War II. Since 1933 the city has a Historical Museum, which tells about the nature and trails the history of developing of the region.

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