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Present perfect vs past simple

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Transcript

1. UNFINISHED SITUATIONS.An action or situation that started in the past and continues or has a result in the present. I have lived in Barcelona since 1992(= and I still do.)2. PAST EXPERIENCES.An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. She has been to the theatre twice this month (= and the month isn't over yet.)3. PAST RECENT EVENTS. An action when the time is not important. She has had an accident. (= the result of the accident is important, NOT WHEN she had it)

PRESENT PERFECT

1. COMPLETED ACTIONS IN THE PAST. We know or say WHEN these events happened. I saw my grandma yesterday. My brother moved to China last month.2. PAST HABITS. Things we did more or less often. I played the piano every day when I was a child.3. SITUATIONS THAT WERE TRUE IN THE PAST. I lived with my grandmother as a child.4. EVENTS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER. When I arrived home, I took off my shoes, then I relaxed on the sofa and I watched a film.

PAST SIMPLE

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