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1. Margherita MILETO (Italy)

2. Antonella LOSITO (Italy)

3. Maria Chiara Debellis (Italy)

4. Ayça GULTEKİN (Turkey)

5. Merve Patan (Turkey)

6. Farah Stitou (Belgium)

7. Lucas Vercaeren (Belgium)

8. Mauro Lagunas Vargas (Belgium)

9. Anna Meeusen (Belgium)

10. Indira Baran (Belgium)

11. Worke Vromant (Belgium)

12. Phil Coenen (Belgium)



code: 20 88 59 5


12 years old: work in factory

Mid-twenties: jounalist
Ended marriage with Catherine Hogarth after 22 years
Had 10 children
Fell in love with Ellen Ternan in his mid-forties

Born in Portsmouth, England

Born on February 7, 1812
Died on June 9, 1870
Cause of death: stroke
Lived in Higham, Kent, England
Resting place: Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, England

Known as one of the best novelists of the Victorian era

Wrote 15 novels
Had 7 siblings --> second eldest
Father: John Dickens
Mother: Elizabeth Barrow

  • 'Oliver Twist' published from February 1837 to April 1839
  • Victorian era (1820-1914)
  • Queen Victoria
  • Britain had the status of the most powerful empire in the world
  • Class-based society: more people able to vote, expanding franchise, rich culture, etc.
  • Industrial progress --> growing state and economy
  • Population Wales, England and Scotland doubled
  • Population Ireland decreased
  • Cause: Good Famine --> food shortage
  • Population bloom --> economy doing well --> 3/4 working class

The era and the

historical background

  • Even though economic and industrial progress, war almost every year
  • 'Oliver Twist' adresses how poor Victorian England gets treated + effect of the industrial revolution
  • Dickens showed that a lot of people were classist
  • Treated poor like criminals
  • Huge difference between first, middle and third classes
  • Using children to develop the economy
  • Book shows how difficult it is escaping a situation like that

The era and the

historical background

Oliver Twist is a 2005 drama film directed by Roman Polanski. The screenplay by Ronald Harwood is based on the 1838 novel of the same title by Charles Dickens.



Oliver lives 10 years in 'kid ranch'

He is shipped of to work to a funeral director

Oliver goes to London where he meets

“For the rest of his life, Oliver Twist remembers a single word of blessing spoken to him by another child because this word stood out so strikingly from the consistent discouragement around him.” ― Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist

... A council was held; lots were cast who should walk up to the master after supper that evening, and ask for more; and it fell to Oliver Twist.


I want some more...


Oliver Twist

  • First child protagonist in an English novel
  • Story through his eyes
  • Orphan raised in a workhouse
  • 9 to 12 years old
  • Raised by criminals
  • Good-hearted, sweet, caringand innocent


  • "The bad guy"
  • Leader of a gang boy of boy thieves
  • Tries to turn Olivr Twist in thief
  • Kids pick pocket for him


  • Member of Fagin's gang and his mistress
  • Probably also a prostitute
  • Seventeen years old
  • Stands up for Oliver and protects him. Gets her killed

Bill Sykes

  • A stoutly-built man in his thirties
  • Raised under the supervision of Fagin
  • Highly professional housebreaker and thief
  • Murder of Nancy on his coscience

Rose Maylie

  • 17 years old orphan
  • is adopted by her aunts Mrs Maylie
  • Broken into by Sikes and Crackit with Oliver
  • Rose takes care of Oliver
  • Actually Oliver's aunt
  • Has been seriously ill
  • Got married with Harry

Mr. Brownlow

  • Suspected Oliver of stealing his handkerchief
  • Takes Oliver home and takes care of him
  • Helped Oliver to free from Fagin's plot
  • Adopt Oliver eventually

Mr. Bumble

  • The beadle of the parish
  • Choleric and fat
  • Likes abusing those below him
  • Raised Oliver in the workhouse

Edward Leeford

  • Goes by the name Monks
  • Oliver's half-brother
  • Wants Oliver's inheritance
  • Sickly, vicious young man in his late twnties

Jack Dawkins

  • Artful Dodger
  • Fagin's cleverest pickpocket
  • Same Age as Oliver
  • Finds Oliver and leads him to London

Mr. Sowerberry

  • Gaunt and tall man
  • The parochial undertaker
  • He likes Oliver, his wife hates him

Noah Claypole

  • A charity-boy with a fierce look
  • Mr. Sowerberry's apprentice
  • Bullies Oliver
  • Joins Fagin's gang

Mrs. Corney

Toby Crackit

Mrs. Mann

Features and Style

  • Dickens's novel are full of Pathos, Sentimentality and Melodrama.
  • in his works we can find Humor and Satiric tone. In Oliver Twist he uses Irony to satirize the various institution.
  • Dickens in his novels, underlines problems of the society in which he lives.
  • Main characters in his works are usually children
  • His novel begins in a negative way and rises to happy endings

  • Dickens's style is rich and various in fact he is considered a realistic novelist.
  • He uses the novel instalments' technique.
  • Dickens follows the Bildungsroman's style.

  • Oliver Twist is told by a third-person, omniscent narrator.
  • There are also parts in which there is a first person narrator.



Oliver Twist is, among other things, a meditation on the nature of criminality in 1830s England: an examination of who commits crimes; of the spectrum of crimes; and of the idea of criminality as a learned behavior or an innate quality.


Much of the first part of Oliver Twist, challenges the organizations of charity run by the church and the government in Dickens’s time.

Charitable institutions only reproduced the awful conditions in which the poor would live anyway.


With the rise of capitalism during the Industrial Revolution, individualism was very much in vogue as a philosophy.


Throughout the novel, Dickens confronts the question of whether the terrible environments he depicts have the power to “blacken (the soul) and change its hue for ever.”

By examining the fates of most of the characters, we can assume that his answer is that they don’t.


Dickens asserts that even people who have spent their entire lives in “close and noisy places” are likely, in the last moments of their lives, to find comfort in half-imagined memories “of sky, and hill and plain.”

Country scenes have the potential to “purify our thoughts” and erase some of the vices that develop in the city.


This novel is all about mistaken identities.

Names are supposed to be society’s main marker for identity.

Which is the real Oliver? The innocent boy or the hardened criminal?


In the novel, "fate" is revealed to be an interaction of social forces or pressures on one's life, and one's decisions as an agent possessing free will.

Critical Insight

Dickens and Verga

  • They lived in the 19th century.
  • In their works they both write about the society of their time.
  • Oliver Twist and Rosso Malpelo, the main characters of their most famous works have somethings in common.
  • They had different attitude towards reality.


Unthinkable, Deplorable

Child labourers are between the ages of 5 and 11. Child labour exploitations is linked to poverty conditions

3 categories of child labour:

  • Child labour before the minimum legal age
  • The worst form of child labour
  • Hazrdous work

Can wealth be more dangerous than poverty?

From Agenda 2030


Black Boy (American Hunger) is a autobiographical novel by the African- American author Richard Wright published in 1945.

Wright, wrote novels, short stories, poems and non-fiction all focusing on the issue of racial discrimination.
Extreme poverty and hunger accompany is childhood upbringing by his deeply religious mother and grandmother while the impact of racial Inequalities is felt throughout his life.

Both Oliver Twist and Black Boy (American Hunger) look at the issue of hunger from the point of view of a child. The setting is different in time and place, but the suffering and desperation of the child protagonists is the same.


Sustainable Development Goal 2 Zero Hunger' sets itself the goal not of reducing but of eliminating hunger throughout the world.

After decades of progress in achieving the aim, however, the prevalence of undernourishment has started to increase again.
The problem is mainly the result of conflicts, climate change and economic downturns.

The Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 has aggravated the situation. Swift action needs to be taken to provide food to protect these people against starvation and to feed the additional 2 billion people the world will have by 2050.




  • Amazing minds, Mauro Spicci Timothy Alan Shaw
  • Performer Shaping Ideas, Marina Spiazzi Marina Tavella Margaret Layton
  • Lit Hub, Martelli Bruschi Nigra Armellino
  • Literary Journeys, Arturo Cattaneo
  • Tme Passages
  • https://meet.google.com/ygx-catm-pws (picture)
  • httpsupload.wikimedia.orgwikipediacommonsff5Olivertwist_front.jpg
  • httpsblog.12min.comoliver-twist-pdf-summary
  • https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/oliver/characters/
  • https://www.gradesaver.com/oliver-twist/study-guide/character-list
  • http://deepermeaningbooks.blogspot.com/2011/07/oliver-twist-victorian-era-and-modern.html
  • https://www.britannica.com/event/Victorian-era
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_era




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