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St Patrick's Day

St. Patrick's Day is a holiday celebrated annually on March 17, in honor of the Irish Saint Patrick. The day is a public holiday in Ireland, Northern Ireland, Montserrat Island and the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador.

St. Patrick's Day: Bet You Didn't Know | History

Clover - a symbol of Ireland and good luck

Saint Patrick, according to legend, brought Christianity to the pagan island and drove out all the snakes. According to one version, he died presumably in 493.

Many legends are associated with the name of Saint Patrick, for example, that he, with the help of a three-leaf clover, explained to people the concept of the Holy Trinity. “Just as three leaves can grow from one stem, so God can be one in three persons” - this phrase of the saint has already become a textbook.

In honor of St. Patrick, a parade with songs and dances is held, Irish beer flows like a river. March 17 is a holiday not only for the Irish saint, but also for the Irish soul.

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In Ireland, there is a tradition to attach a trefoil to clothes, symbolizing the cross, the color of Catholicism, and the symbolic color of the "emerald country" itself. Complicated is a church hymn, which tells that Saint Patrick, with the help of a shamrock, interrupted a pagan ritual that was performed in the village of Tara, the royal capital of Ireland at that time.

Saint Patrick is one of the world's most revered saints. The Western Church celebrates the day of his memory on March 17, in a number of Orthodox Churches his memory is honored on March 30 according to the new style (March 17 according to the old style).

But St. Patrick's Day also has pagan motives. So, one of his indispensable heroes are leprechauns - fabulous shoemakers who own a hidden pot of gold. If a lucky treasure hunter manages to catch a leprechaun, then this creature must tell the person where his treasures are hidden. However, if you suddenly catch a shoemaker, then remember that you should not completely believe him - these little men are malicious and mischievous and can easily deceive a gullible treasure seeker.

Leprechauns are said to have entered the celebration of St. Patrick's Day quite recently - companies that sell postcards for this holiday needed a cute character to appear in their drawings. And the stern, albeit kind, preacher Saint Patrick was not quite suitable for this role. In the drawings, leprechauns are usually dressed in a pointed hat and a leather apron.

Saint Patrick


  • Patrick was born in Roman Britain, but when he was 16 he was kidnapped by Irish robbers and taken to Ireland as a slave.
  • On St. Patrick's Day, music and beer parties are held in many countries, although a law was passed in 1903 according to which on March 17 all bars and pubs were closed due to excessive consumption of alcohol by citizens (in the 1970s, the law was repealed).
  • Until the end of the 13th century, the color associated with Patrick was blue. The color changed to green during the 1798 uprising when Irish soldiers donned green uniforms to attract attention.


  • The Irish began to celebrate St. Patrick's Day as a national holiday back in the 10th-11th centuries, and not only in Ireland, but also in other European countries where there was an Irish diaspora.
  • The Irish group dance that is performed during St. Patrick's Day is called "kaylee".

Ireland and the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador.


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