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Electricity Production and the Environment

MISSIONS

CHARACTERS

INTRODUCTION

Save your planet!

can you save your planet?

MISSIONS

CHARACTERS

INTRODUCTION

Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth's climate system observed since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to human activities. The primary activity contributing to global warming is the burning of fossil fuels, which increases heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in Earth's atmosphere.The effects are felt now, even in Canada. How can we slow this effect down and reverse its course? Travel through time to find the clues. You will need to be creative with the letters to get the answer.

Source: www.climate.nasa.gov

MISSIONS

CHARACTERS

INTRODUCTION

Government

STAKEHOLDER 04

Industry

STAKEHOLDER 03

Educators/Scientists

STAKEHOLDER 02

You/Public

STAKEHOLDER 01

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Current and future educator, scientist, engineer, politician, CEO, activist or any role which impacts our environment

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Shares knowledge, experience and skill with others or uses their assets to solve problems or make improvements

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Provides goods and services to all as well as employ the majority of the population

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Governs the population at various levels and establish rules and laws

KEY STAKEHOLDERS IN OUR QUEST

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MISSIONS

CHARACTERS

INTRODUCTION

WHATTIME WOULD YOU TRAVEL TO?

PREHISTORY

CONTEMPORARY AGE

MIDDLE AGES

MODERN AGE

Ancient History

*Collect all letters before travelling to the future. Good luck!

FUTURE*

PREHISTORY

TRAVELLING TO

START

Can you find the answers in time to escape from the Tyrannosaurus?

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How are dinosaurs and electricity related?

What are the most commoN non-renewable resources?

earth's crust

Back to the present

fossil fuels

Electricity

correct!!

fossil fuels include coal, crude oil and petroleum.products created from fossil fuels include gasoline, jet fuel, diesel and asphalt. they are a key ingredient in many materials such as plastic and a key component in the production of electricity.

Back to the present

CONTINUE

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what are fossil fuels made of?

buried plants and animals

Back to the present

soil under intense pressure

dinosaur fossils

correct!!

fossil fuels are made from more than just dinosaurs.they are formed from fossilized and buried remains of plants and animals that are exposed to heat and pressure for over hundreds of millions of years in the earth's crust.

Back to the present

CONTINUE

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which chart represents annual world carbon dioxide emissions

Back to the present

emissions from burning of fossil fuels and cememt production (from 1790/1800 to 2019) in linear scale

credit: ourworldindata.org - source: Global Carbon Project; CDIAC

correct!!

Back to the present

The first chart is a logrithmic representation (scale goes up 10 times for each y-axis unit).the second chart is for the united states only. the u.s. have made progress with renewable and alternative energies in recent years.the third chart is for the entire world.

CONTINUE

credit: ourworldindata.org - source: Global Carbon Project; CDIAC

what is an impact of increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions?

lower sea levels

Back to the present

more earthquakes

increase coastal erosion rates

correct!!

impacts of higher GHG emissions include:a rise in average annual temperatureA DECREASE IN snow, sea ice and glacier coveragerising sea levels and coastal erosion ratesincreaseD frequency and severity of heat waves, resulting in higher risks of forest firesmany TYPES OF wildlife have difficulty adapting to warmer climateearthquakes usually occur when there is a sudden release of stress along faults in the earth's crust and ARE not directly impacted by ghg emissions.

Back to the present

CONTINUE

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CONGRATULATIONS!

your letters are "o" and "I"

Back to the present

SOMETHING WENT WRONG!

TRY AGAIN!

Ancient History

TRAVELLING TO

Canadians have used energy for many years.

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Do you know how Canada gets its electricity and how much we consume?

START

how much electricity do canadians use?

Back to thepresent

1,350,000,000

how many joules per year?

2,000,000,000,000,000,000

13,400,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0000,000

correct!!

Back to thepresent

CONTINUE

1,350,000,000 billion cubic kilometers is the volume of water in our oceans

2,000,000,000,000,000,000 joules is the amount of electricity used by canadians each year

13,400,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilometers is the estimated distance to the farthest detectable galaxy

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source of electricity in canada

Back to thepresent

Enter youranswer in lower case. Include space if needed

there are many sources of fuel for electricity generation in canada:biomasscoal and cokehydronatural gassolaruraniumwindwhich source makes up more than half of the fuel for electricity in canada?

hydro is the main source of electricity in canada but not by province

Back to thepresent

Move the provinces which uses hydro as its main source of electricity to the left and the remainder to the right. once complete, check your answer.

mainly hydro

mainly not hydro

continue

check answer

quebec

ontario

manitoba

saskatchewan

british columbia

alberta

new brunswick

newfoundland

CONGRATULATIONS!

your letters are "I" and "O"

Back to thepresent

SOMETHING WENT WRONG!

TRY AGAIN!

MIDDLE AGES

TRAVELLING TO

Is Alberta's electricity production from the middle ages?

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Did you know that coal was the most common fuel for thermo-electric power plants in Alberta but have recently been taken over by natural gas?

START

Electric Lighting from coal

what percent of energy originally stored in coal is actually converted into light coming from an incandescent light bulb?

Back to thepresent

Drag the light around to look for answers. If you lose your light, hit the "Back to the present" button to start over

50%

8%

25%

10%

<5%

Oops, the lights went out! use the flashlight instead!

Electric Lighting from coal

which process incurs the most energy loss (based on energy loss %) when converting coal to light?

Back to thepresent

Drag the light around to look for answers. If you lose your light, hit the "Back to the present" button to start over

thermo-electric plant operation

coal transport

mining

electricity Transmission

Use of incandescent bulbs

correct - there is a lot of energy lost along the process from extracting coal in the ground to producing light.

Electric Lighting from coal

which of these is not a by-product of producing electricity from coal?

Back to thepresent

Drag the light around to look for answers. If you lose your light, hit the "Back to the present" button to start over

sulfur dioxide

carbon dioxide

tailings

natural gas

correct - incandescent light bulbs are very inefficient and lose 85% of energy in the form of heat. switching to LED lights can reduce energy usage by up to 80%.

CONGRATULATIONS!

your letters are "N" and "N"

Back to thepresent

SOMETHING WENT WRONG!

TRY AGAIN!

MODERN AGE

TRAVELLING TO

What are better options of producing energy with lower GHG emissions?

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Renewable and alternative energies will be game changers!

START

renewable energy

Back to thepresent

energy that comes from natural resources that we have an unlimited supply of(hover over each energy to learn more)

Continue on

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Wind energy is kinetic energy from moving air that is converted into electricity by wind turbines.

Solar energy is converting sunlight into electricity either by photovoltaics (solar panels) or concentrated solar power to generate heat and spin turbines.

Geothermal energy is extracting naturally occurring underground energy in the form of heat to generate power or heat an infrastructure. Think of the hot springs out in Banff!

Hydroelectric energy is harnessing the power of water in motion to generate electricity using turbines.

Biomass energy is using renewable organic material that comes from plants and animals to generate energy. Energy is generated either from direct combustion (burning) or conversion (thermochemical, chemical or biological) to a fuel.

alternative energy

Back to thepresent

energy that emits less ghg than traditional energy sources and can be non-renewable resources(hover over each energy to learn more)

Continue on

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Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity, heat and water when hydrogen reacts with oxygen across an electrochemical cell without releasing GHG.

Cogeneration is a way to make fossil fuel operations more efficient by using the lost or wasted heat for power generation or heating.

Small Modular Reactors are portable mini nuclear reactors that uses nuclear fission (atom splitting) to generate energy.

Liquified Natural Gas is the ability to transport natural gas in liquid form to countries which are using more harmful non-renewable resources such as coal.

alberta's renewable energy

Back to thepresent

Continue on

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based on alberta's geography and environmental conditions, which of these renewable energies have potential in alberta?(click on the image to see if your assumptions are correct)

alberta is windy

Back to thepresent

southern alberta is one of the windiest places in canada. it gets so much wind due to the position of the jet stream which is also influenced by the downslope winds along the rocky mountains.

Return to Previous Page

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did you know Calgary is canada's sunniest large city?

Back to thepresent

Calgary and edmonton are ranked #1 and #3 for having the most hours of sunshine per year in the list of major canadian cities.

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what is common between hot springs and oil and gas wells?

Back to thepresent

both are clear access points to harvest geothermal energy. banff and jasper hot springs are just a few places in alberta where hot spring water flows. suspended oil and gas wells can be used to access the heat deep below the earth's surface or we canuse the hot water from producing wells for heating or electricty producton.

Return to Previous Page

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alberta is land locked but still has opportunities for hydro!

Back to thepresent

in a 2010 hatch report, it is estimated that only 4% of alberta's total hydro energy potential is being used. due to large upfront capital costs, location challenges and environmental issues, natural gas and coal are more profitable options. however, with a focus on ghg emissions, things may change in the near future.

Return to Previous Page

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abundant biomass

Back to thepresent

alberta has healthy forest and agricultural industries to support biomass energies. alberta's forested lands cover 60% of the province. agriculture is alberta's second largest industry after oil and gas.

Return to Previous Page

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CONGRATULATIONS!

your letters are "n" and "T"

Back to thepresent

SOMETHING WENT WRONG!

TRY AGAIN!

CONTEMPORARYAGE

TRAVELLING TO

What are some innovative ways to reduce GHG emissions?

+ info

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Pumped Storage Hydro Power are some innovative ways to reduce our carbon footprint

START

Ready for your questions?

Carbon capture and storage (CCS)Watch and learn

Enter your number -no commas nor spaces

CCS question

Shell's quest project will capture and store over 1 million tons of carbon dioxide per year. how many vehicle emissions is that equivalent to?

Enter your number

CCS question

for shell's quest project, how many kilometers underground isCarbon dioxide injected?

Ready for your questions?

pumped storage hydro powerwatch and learn

Enter a number - no percentage sign needed

pumped storage question

what percentage of canada's electricity Comes from hydro power?

Enter a number - no percentage sign needed

pumped storage question

what percentage of electric grid storage is pumped storage hydro power?

CONGRATULATIONS!

your letters are "a" and "v"

Back to thepresent

SOMETHING WENT WRONG!

TRY AGAIN!

the FUTURE

unscramble the letters you found to find one critical thing to reverse the impact of global warming!

Enter the your answer (lower case only)

TRAVELLING TO

CONGRATULATIONS!

innovation is one key success factor to reducing ghg emissions and reversing global warming.opportunities such as existing renewable and alternative energies will help. however, your creativity, imagination and resulting innovations will truly make this effort successful.