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urbanization

during the Industrial Revolution

FIRST OF ALL, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE

A calculator


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Which countries in Europe were first touched by the Industrial Revolution ?

Clue 01

Clue 02

Two Englishmen, William and John Cockerill, brought the Industrial Revolution to Belgium by developing machine shops at Liège (1807), and Belgium became the first country in continental Europe to be transformed economically. Like its British progenitor, the Belgian Industrial Revolution centred in iron, coal, and textiles.



Wrong! This country is Portugal, and it was not one of the first countries affected by the industrial revolution.

France was more slowly and less thoroughly industrialized than either Britain or Belgium. While Britain was establishing its industrial leadership, France was immersed in its Revolution, and the uncertain political situation discouraged large investments in industrial innovations. By 1848 France had become an industrial power, but, despite great growth under the Second Empire, it remained behind Britain.

Despite vast resources of coal and iron, Germany did not begin its industrial expansion until after national unity was achieved in 1870. Once begun, Germany’s industrial production grew so rapidly that by the turn of the century that nation was outproducing Britain in steel and had become the world leader in the chemical industries.



Wrong! This country is Russia, and it was not one of the first countries affected by the industrial revolution.



Wrong! This country is Sweden, and it was not one of the first countries affected by the industrial revolution.

YES ! England is THE country that saw the birth of the industrial revolution, precisely in the 18th century. From there it spread to other parts of the world.



Wrong! This country is Italy, and it was not one of the first countries affected by the industrial revolution.


CLUE 02: It has an area of 505,370 square kilometers.

Which aspects define the term

"urbanization" ?

8%

The increasing number of people that live in urban areas
The growing mass of tourists that arrive in a country
The geographical sprawl of a city
A trend followed by european countries


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WRONG !

QUESTION

After reading the article of the link by clicking here, what is the direct factor that lead to the urbanization of the cities ?

The improvements in transport and agriculture

The creation of new industries

The fishing practiced near bodies of water

QUIZ

DATA ! DATA ! DATA!

Please, bring a calculator


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From the following graph, determine approximately the rate of change of the urban population in the United States, from 1800 to 1950.

The demographic grow in the USA

  • 7.4 %

Try again !

  • 86%

  • 60.2 %

Do you want any a clue? Here it is: Try again !

  • 32 %

False ! Try again ! Don't forget to use the clue !

  • 60.2

Try again !

Do you want any a clue? Here it is: Try again !

Wrong ! Try again !!!

You're wrong ! Try again !

This is the evolution of a city, before and after the industrial revolution. Which one ?

Paris

San Francisco

Berlin

https://youtu.be/Hr_9b-Lt-pk

Return

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Next

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Next

QUIZ VIDEO

Negative effects of Urbanisation

Play the video and when you're ready try to answer correctly

all the questions on the next slide.
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START

QUIZ VIDEO

MULTIPLE CHOICES QUESTION

What are the main disadvantages of the development of cities at that time ?

C

Health, visual aspect of the city and wages

B

Environmental issues, health and security

A

Education, security and physical health

Wrong answer !!!

QUIZ VIDEO

LOREM IPSUM DOLOR SIT

RIGHT!

In conclusion, urbanization is a direct consequence of industrialization. It began with the rural exodus of peasants who thought they could find better work in newly created industries in cities.














More people had job, workers had, at first, higher wages and urban class doubled, tripled, or quadrupled in size. However, this urban sprawl and the improvement of living standards are followed by heavy pollution, poor waste congestion, increasingly common diseases caused by sewers and air pollution, such as atheism in children; a lack of security and education and increased differences and conflicts between patricians and plebians, among others.

First of all, on the economic level, urbanization has allowed the creation of department stores, such as the store “Au Bonheur des Dames” in the heart of the new Paris of Haussman. Then, on the cultural level, many operas, boulevards and squares are created, as we can see on the map, by clicking here. From a social point of view, the construction of railways, steamboats and railway stations, makes travel cheaper, easier and shorter; communication is easier, using the radio, telegraph etc

With urbaninsation, several philosophical ideas emerged. This is the case of Thomas Malthus and the Malthussian theory, which argued that population tended to increase more rapidly than food supply. According to him, without wars and epidemics to kill the extra people, most were destinated to be poor and miserable.


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