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Conditionals 0, 1, 2, 3 and mixed

Transcript

0,0€

nº1

20xx

Conditionals

zeroconditional

1

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PRESENT SIMPLE , PRESENT SIMPLEIf you heat ice, it melts.If you press the button, the TV turns on.

USE:- Fact that are generally true- Habits- Scientific factsIt refers to a general situationthat always happens if acondition is met.

RESULT + IF + CONDITION PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLEIce melts if you heat it.The TV turns on if you press the button.

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

firstconditional

2

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PRESENT SIMPLE , FUTURE / IMPERATIVE If I find his address, I will send him an invitation If you touch that wire , you will get an electric shock.

USE:- Predictions- Promises, warnings and threats- Possible plans- A possibilityIt refers to things that willpossibly happen in the future ifa condition is met.

RESULT + IF + CONDITIONFUTURE / IMPERATIVE PRESENT SIMPLEI will send him an invitation if I find his address.You will get an electric shock if you touch that wire.

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

secondconditional

3

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PAST SIMPLE , WOULD + VERB (infinitive) If I won the lottery , I would buy a new house. If I were you , I wouldn't do it.

USE:- Hypothesis- Unlikely situations- Unreal situations- Give adviceIt refers to hypothetical or unlikelysituations. Improbable situations.

RESULT + IF + CONDITIONWOULD + VERB (infinitive) PAST SIMPLEI would buy a new house if I won the lottery.I wouldn't do it if I were you

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

THIRdconditional

4

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PAST PERFECT , WOULD/COULD/MIGHT HAVE + PARTICIPLE If she had studied, she would have passed the exam. If you hadn't been sick, you could have gone to the party.*

USE:- Express regret about a situationin the past- Hypothesis about the past- Theoretical past situations- An impossible situation becauseit has already happenedIt refers to imaginary situations in the past.

RESULT + IF + CONDITIONWOULD/COULD/MIGHT HAVE + PARTICIPLE + PAST PERFECTShe would have passed the exam if she had studied.You could have gone to the party if you hadn't been sick.

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

MIXEdconditional 1

5

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PAST PERFECT , WOULD/COULD/MIGHT + VERB (infinitive) If she had won the lottery , she would be rich now. If you had saved money , you could go on holiday.*

USE:- to talk about a present hypothetical orunreal situation with a present result.

RESULT + IF + CONDITIONWOULD/COULD/MIGHT + VERB (infinitive)+ PAST PERFECTShe would be rich now if she had won the lottery.You could go on holiday if you had saved money.

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

MIXEdconditional 2

6

STRUCTURE:IF clause , + MAIN clauseMAIN clause + IF clause

IF + CONDITION , + RESULT PAST SIMPLE , WOULD/COULD/MIGHT HAVE + PARTICIPLE If he spoke Chinese , he would have got the job. If you were faster , you might have won the race.*

USE:- to talk about a present hypothetical orunreal situation with a result in the past.

RESULT + IF + CONDITIONWOULD/COULD/MIGHT HAVE+ PARTICIPLE+ PAST SIMPLEHe would have got the job if he spoke Chinese.You might have won the race if you were faster.

Use a comma if the "if clause" is at the beginning of the sentence.

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