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The Giza Pyramids

Relics of Egypt's Old Kingdom

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} The Giza Pyramids were built around 4,500 years ago. The Egyptian pharaohs believed they would become gods in the afterlife, so they built the massive pyramids as tombs for themselves and filled them with everything they would need in the next world.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} Pharaoh Khufu began the construction of the first pyramid around 2550 B.C. His pyramid is the largest at 481 feet above the ground at Giza, and is made of an estimated 2.3 million stone blocks

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} The tombs have helped archaeologists learn not only about death, but also about life in Ancient Egypt. Art in the tombs depicts farmers working fields, fishing and hunting, religious rituals, burial practices, and more. The text and inscriptions in the tombs has also helped researchers understand Egyptian language and grammar.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} The second pyramid at Giza was built by Khufu’s son Pharaoh Khafre around 2520 B.C. His burial ground also includes the Sphinx, a limestone monument of a lion with the head of a pharaoh. The third and smallest of the Giza Pyramids was built by Pharaoh Menkaure around 2490 B.C.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} Handwerk, Brian. “Pyramids at Giza.” Science, National Geographic, 23 Mar. 2017, www.nationalgeographic.com/history/archaeology/giza-pyramids/.