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WELCOME TO NORWAY

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Norway

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Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose mainland territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Mainland Norway and the remote island of Jan Mayen as well as the archipelago of Svalbard form Metropolitan Norway. It borders Sweden, Finland and Russia.

MOTHER LANGUAGE

CAPITAL

GEOGRAPHY

Norweigan

Oslo

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TRADITIONS

What do you know about Norway?

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5 Regions

Oslo

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The climate of Norway varies from north to south, to east to west. In general, the coastal areas usually have relatively mild winters (still with snow and great skiing conditions in the mountains), while the inland parts have cold winters with plenty of snow, and hot and relatively dry summers, especially in the eastern parts of the country.Southern Norway is considered a summer island paradise, while Fjord Norway is a popular destination all year round. In spring, the fruit trees are blossoming. During autumn, the mountainsides turn orange and yellow. To experience the silent and serene fjords, surrounded by snow-capped mountains, come during winter.

Cross country skiing is one of the most popular pastimes in the country, and Norway is one of the best places in Europe for visitors to come and enjoy this sport. Cross country skiing is all about the location, and nowhere provides locations that are as spectacular and challenging as those in Norway, particularly in the Gudbrandsdalen Valley. The landscape is vast and ever-changing, while the gentle pace allows you time to savor the spectacular views.A fascinating sporting location for tourists to visit is Lillehammer, site of the 1994 Winter Olympics. This is a wonderful place to experience a whole range of winter sports, and nearby at Nordseter and Sjusjøen are 350 km of the best cross-country skiing trails in Europe, as well as an outstanding ski center at Hafjell. Lillehammer is also worth visiting for the town's 19th-century wooden houses, which have been carefully preserved, as well as the excellent Norwegian Olympic Museum.

While enjoying a hot sauna and dip in the fjord, you can also marvel at the architectural beauty of the Oslo Opera House. After 5 years of construction, the Oslo Opera House opened its doors on April 12th, 2008. It is the home of the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the national opera theater in Norway. The building is situated in the Bjørvika neighborhood of central Oslo, at the head of the Oslofjord.

Oslo, was at one time considered an essential city during the Viking Age. It was mainly used as a trading port and was seen as an important cultural center for the East of Norway.During the Viking Age, large ships were built to be able cross dangerous waters in order to find new land and riches. Vikings were notorious for their explorations and pillaging. They travelled to Britain, Ireland, Iceland and it is even thought that they made it to North America. Being positioned in the south-east on the Oslofjord, which eventually connects to the North Sea, made it easy to sail to many places.ACTIVITY: Click on the links to have a closer look at two Viking ships.Oseberg ShipGokstad Ship

Oslo, monumental city

The Royal Palace

Vigeland Park

Akershus Fortress

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The Royal Palace is situated on a rise, the Bellevue, at one end of Oslo’s main thoroughfare, Karl Johans gate. The Royal Palace is one of the country’s most important buildings, and a concrete symbol of the course of Norwegian history since 1814.Building activities commenced in 1824, and the foundation stone was laid by King Carl Johan on 1 October 1825. The Palace was officially taken into use on 26 July 1849 by King Oscar I.The Royal Palace is owned by the state and placed at the disposal of the head of state. It is where the daily work of the monarchy is conducted and where the King and Queen live. It is where the King presides over the Council of State, grants audiences and holds official dinners. Foreign heads of state who visit Oslo stay at the Palace. Most of the members of the Royal Court have their workplace here.The Royal Palace is open to the public during the summer season.

Akershus Fortress or Akershus Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. It is not known exactly when the construction of the castle started but it is believed that it took place around the late 1290's. It was constructed in response the an earlier attack on Oslo that occurred in 1287. In the aftermath of the attack, it became clear that the city's defenses weren't effective and therefore, a stronger defensive center was needed. The castle has successfully survived all sieges, primarily by Swedish forces. The castle has also been used as a military base, a prison and is currently the temporary office of the Prime minister of Norway.

Oslo's Vigeland Park, is the largest sculpture park in the world by a single artist, boasting over 200 pieces by Norwegian sculptor Gustav Vigeland. The collection, dubbed "The Weirdest Statues in the World" by The Daily Mail,includes everything from a woman embracing a giant lizard to a naked man fighting flying babies, and everything in between.Set along a boulevard in Oslo's Frogner Park, the Vigeland installation consists of 212 sculptures made from bronze and granite, spread over an 850-meter axis from the entrance to the park's centerpiece, The Monolith.The sculptures consist of naked human figures, in all variety of poses and situations - from the pastoral to the downright surreal - exploring the human form and human life, at its purest.

Norway and the regions

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QUIZ

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TRIVIA

GENERAL CULTURE ABOUT Norway

QUESTION 1/6 - MONUMENTS

Arendal

Asgard

Akershus

What is the name of the famous fortress located in Oslo?

QUESTION 1/6 - MONUMENTS

Correct Answer!

Explanation: Akershus fortress, currently contains many war museums, most famous, the resistance museum which tells the history of when Nazi Germany occupied Norway.

QUESTION 2/6 - geograPHY

North Norway, in the Nord-Norge region

South-east of the country, in the Østlandet region

South-west of the country, in the Vestlandet region

What is the geographical situation of the Norweigan capital?

QUESTION 2/6 - GEOGRAPHY

Correct Answer!

Explanation: Oslo stands in the Østlandet region, in the south-east of Norway.

QUESTION 3/6 - historY

Aztec

Celts

Vikings

What group of people were famous for travelling to Great Britain, Ireland, and even Americas?

QUESTION 3/6 - HISTORY

Correct Answer!

Explanation:The Vikings were notorious for building long, wide boats for travelling the open ocean to pillage and expand their land.

QUESTION 4/6 - SCIENCES

Snow

Rain

Sun

What kind of weather is typical in the winter in Northern Norway

QUESTION 4/6 - SCIENCES

Correct Answer!

Explanation: Snow, due to being so far north, you can always find snow in the winter. However, climate change is causing there to be less snow every year. If it's clear enough, you can even see the northern lights.

QUESTION 5/6 - SPORTS

Cross Country Skiing

Soccer

Hockey

Which sport is the most popular in Norway?

QUESTION 5/6 - SPORTS

Correct Answer!

Explanation: Norway dominates the competition of cross country ski races. The best athletes tend to come from Norway and Sweden which creates a huge rivalry.

QUESTION 6/6 - art AND literaturE

Sauna

Play Soccer

Watch Skiing

Famous activity that many like to do while enjoying the view of the Opera House?

QUESTION 6/6 - ART AND LITERATURE

Correct Answer!

Explanation: A tradition taken from Finland, enjoying a Sauna is a fantastic pastime. You can find many people with personal Saunas at their house.

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DiscoverNorway

Norse mythology brings us the stories of Thor, Loki, Odin and Asgard. Norse mythology was the main religion of the Vikings untilChristianitybecame established in the mid-12th century. The Vikings believed that when they died, they would go to Valhalla. If they died during battle, the were treated extra special once in Valhalla. This allowed the Vikings to go into battle without the fear of death which is why they were such great warriors and feared by all who met them.

Norway is home to many dairy farms. These farms can be found all throughout the country, next to fjords or high in the mountains. Each farm has been in each family for hundreds of years, being passed down to the first born son every generation. On these farms, you can even find the original houses built in the 9th century, like this house. Many of the artifacts from the 14th century, such as bowls and shovels, can be found in this house. Each family also passes their family stories down from generation to generation. This particular family was the noble family of the area that reported to a higher king.

Eating brown cheese on WafflesBrown cheese is a Norwegian institution in itself. Made with cow's or goat's milk, whey, and cream, the cheese has a soft, sticky consistency and tastes almost caramelized. To become a fully fledged Norwegian, try this unusual-yet-delicious topping on a soft waffle.

Norweiganlanguage

Origin and history

Curiosity

Did you know that...

Did you know that Norway has a law, that requires TV shows or movies to remain in their original language. With most shows and movies being in English, this allows people the opportunity to learn English. 90% of the population in Norway can speak English which makes travelling there easier if you can speak English. Most schools teach English as an optional second language, offering 2 or 3 hours a week to their students. By having this law, it helps their citizen to have an additional opportunity for learning English.

Norwegian is read as it is written and its pronunciation is clear, the vocabulary is similar to English due to the fact that Vikings raided England which caused many English words to be similar to Norwegian.

Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language. The North Germanic language group evolved from the Western Germanic languages that eventually became English, German, Dutch and of course the North Germanic languages. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. Today there are two official forms of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk, each with its own variants.

TRADITIONS

1. Constitution Day

2. Weddings

3. Christmas

Constitution Day

The Constitution of Norway was signed at Eidsvoll on 17 May 1814. The constitution declared Norway to be an independent kingdom in an attempt to avoid being ceded to Sweden after Denmark–Norway's devastating defeat in the Napoleonic Wars.

Weddings

Wedding customs in Norway are rooted in the traditions of the past. Once upon a time, all the guests got to the bride's place on narrowboats decorated with fancy ribbons and flowers. Modern Norwegians keep this ancient custom with pleasure, organizing beautiful photo sessions during the boat walk. Moreover, the porridge, cooked by the bride on the wedding day is still an essential dish of any wedding table.

Christmas

Norwegian culture demands to start celebrating Christmas 4 weeks before the big day. Every Saturday up to December 25 locals light up a beautiful four-candle candelabra with the traditional Advent candles. Other peculiar Christmas traditions in Norway include decorating your home with the statues of nisser, a Scandinavian equivalent of a goblin, Christmas markets, dancing around the Christmas tree, and watching the classic British comedy called Dinner for One.

SecretWord

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QUIZ

Norwegian Culture

The famous fortress located in Oslo

Akershus

Asgard

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Cheese that is commonly put on Waffles

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Holiday that last for 4 weeks

Christmas

Constitution day

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Commonly produced all over Norway

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A place with the capacity to comfortably accommodate tourists and travelers.

House

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Skiing

Climbing

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Snow sport that is practiced all over Norway

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CONTAINS I

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Month of the year to watch a cross country ski race

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Kilometer

Kilogram

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Unit of length that you walk or drive when sightseeing in Oslo

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Mountains

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Where you can find many dairy farms

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Northern

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Lights in the sky that can be seen in the Winter if it is clear out

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Østlandet

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Capital of Norway

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Peace

Piece

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Constitution day celebrates the liberation from Nazi Germany and having _____ in Norway

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Exquisite

Equilibrated

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Adjective to describe the extraordinary taste of brown cheese on waffles

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Sauna

Surf

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Fun activity that you can do in Oslo with a view of the Opera House

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Viking Age

Valhalla Age

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Period of time when people from Norway travelling in search of land to many countries

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Waffles

Wafers

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Food often found with brown cheese on top

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YOU WON!

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CONGRATULATIONS!

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