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Sharing Session on #Linguistics 7 and guest lecture on Corpus Linguistics by Prof. Dr. Martin Hilpert (University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland)

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martin hilpert

Short and Sweet:What We Can Learn from 2400 English Clippings

Short and sweet:What we can learn from 2400 English clippingsThis talk addresses the morphological word-formation process that is known as clipping. In English, that process yields shortened word forms such as lab (<< laboratory), exam (<< examination), or gator (<< alligator). Existing work (Davy 2000, Durkin 2009, Haspelmath & Sims 2010, Don 2014) characterizes clipping as a highly variable phenomenon, arguing that it is difficult to predict how a given source word will be shortened. Recently, however, the view that clipping is unsystematic or unpredictable has been empirically challenged (Lappe 2007, Jamet 2009, Berg 2011, Alber & Arndt-Lappe 2012, Arndt-Lappe 2018). This talk continues that line of research and presents new empirical insights.Specifically, the talk will report on new results that have been obtained on the basis of a newly-compiled large database of English clippings. Drawing on several sources of data, a collection of 2400 English clippings has been annotated for variables that include phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic distinctions, along with corpus-based measurements of type and token frequency as well as distribution.Earlier research on clippings has emphasized the importance of factors such as the principle of least effort (Zipf 1949), the recoverability of the source word (Tournier 1985), and phonological factors such as stress and syllable structure (Lappe 2007). While the individual influence of these factors on clipping has been recognized, their interaction and their relative importance remain to be fully understood. Addressing this research gap, this talk will present a multivariate analysis of factors that reveal systematic patterns that guide the formation of clippings. On the basis of such a multivariate analysis, it will be discussed what underlying factors are implicated in the clipping process and how these factors interact. The overall conclusion is that clipping has been unjustly characterized as an unpredictable word-formation process. Not only are clippings formed on the basis of systematic patterns, but these patterns also reflect functional pressures that act on the speaker and the hearer.ReferencesArndt-Lappe, Sabine. 2018. Expanding the lexicon by truncation: Variability, recoverability, and productivity. In Sabine Arndt-Lappe, Angelika Braun, Claudine Moulin & Esme Winter-Froemel (eds.), Expanding the lexicon: Linguistic innovation, morphological productivity, and ludicity, 141–170. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.Berg, Thomas. 2011. The clipping of common and proper nouns. Word Structure 4(1). 1–19.Davy, Dennis. 2000. Shortening phenomena in Modern English word formation: An analysis of clipping and blending. Franco-British Studies 29. 59–76.Don, Jan. 2014. Morphological theory and the morphology of English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Durkin, Philip. 2009. The Oxford guide to etymology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Haspelmath, Martin & Andrea D. Sims. 2010. Understanding morphology. Second edition. London: Arnold.Jamet, Denis. 2009. A morpho-phonological approach of clipping in English: Can the study of clipping be formalized? Lexis – E-Journal in English Lexicology. HS1. 15-31.Lappe, Sabine. 2007. English prosodic morphology. Dordrecht: Springer.Tournier, Jean. 1985. Introduction descriptive à la lexicogénétique de l’anglais contemporain. Paris-Genève: Champion-Slatkine.Turney, Peter & Patrick Pantel. 2010. From frequency to meaning: Vector space models of semantics. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 37, 141-188.Zipf, George K. 1949. Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge: Addison Wesley.

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24 November 2020, 15.00-16.30 WITA

Abstract

Short and sweet:What we can learn from 2400 English clippingsThis talk addresses the morphological word-formation process that is known as clipping. In English, that process yields shortened word forms such as lab (<< laboratory), exam (<< examination), or gator (<< alligator). Existing work (Davy 2000, Durkin 2009, Haspelmath & Sims 2010, Don 2014) characterizes clipping as a highly variable phenomenon, arguing that it is difficult to predict how a given source word will be shortened. Recently, however, the view that clipping is unsystematic or unpredictable has been empirically challenged (Lappe 2007, Jamet 2009, Berg 2011, Alber & Arndt-Lappe 2012, Arndt-Lappe 2018). This talk continues that line of research and presents new empirical insights.Specifically, the talk will report on new results that have been obtained on the basis of a newly-compiled large database of English clippings. Drawing on several sources of data, a collection of 2400 English clippings has been annotated for variables that include phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic distinctions, along with corpus-based measurements of type and token frequency as well as distribution.Earlier research on clippings has emphasized the importance of factors such as the principle of least effort (Zipf 1949), the recoverability of the source word (Tournier 1985), and phonological factors such as stress and syllable structure (Lappe 2007). While the individual influence of these factors on clipping has been recognized, their interaction and their relative importance remain to be fully understood. Addressing this research gap, this talk will present a multivariate analysis of factors that reveal systematic patterns that guide the formation of clippings. On the basis of such a multivariate analysis, it will be discussed what underlying factors are implicated in the clipping process and how these factors interact. The overall conclusion is that clipping has been unjustly characterized as an unpredictable word-formation process. Not only are clippings formed on the basis of systematic patterns, but these patterns also reflect functional pressures that act on the speaker and the hearer.ReferencesArndt-Lappe, Sabine. 2018. Expanding the lexicon by truncation: Variability, recoverability, and productivity. In Sabine Arndt-Lappe, Angelika Braun, Claudine Moulin & Esme Winter-Froemel (eds.), Expanding the lexicon: Linguistic innovation, morphological productivity, and ludicity, 141–170. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.Berg, Thomas. 2011. The clipping of common and proper nouns. Word Structure 4(1). 1–19.Davy, Dennis. 2000. Shortening phenomena in Modern English word formation: An analysis of clipping and blending. Franco-British Studies 29. 59–76.Don, Jan. 2014. Morphological theory and the morphology of English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Durkin, Philip. 2009. The Oxford guide to etymology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Haspelmath, Martin & Andrea D. Sims. 2010. Understanding morphology. Second edition. London: Arnold.Jamet, Denis. 2009. A morpho-phonological approach of clipping in English: Can the study of clipping be formalized? Lexis – E-Journal in English Lexicology. HS1. 15-31.Lappe, Sabine. 2007. English prosodic morphology. Dordrecht: Springer.Tournier, Jean. 1985. Introduction descriptive à la lexicogénétique de l’anglais contemporain. Paris-Genève: Champion-Slatkine.Turney, Peter & Patrick Pantel. 2010. From frequency to meaning: Vector space models of semantics. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 37, 141-188.Zipf, George K. 1949. Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge: Addison Wesley.

Convener:

Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg

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Sharing Session on #Linguistics & guest lecture on Corpus Linguistics

English Department, in collaboration with Doctoral & Master's Programs of Linguistics, and Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on the Humanities and Social Sciences , Faculty of Humanities, Udayana University, Bali

(CIRHSS)

For further inquiry/question, sendan emailtoprimahadi_wijaya@unud.ac.idwith the email subject "Sharing Session - INQUIRY".