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Needs Detection as a First Step in Distance Learning.

Dr. Sandra Camelo

We should always start by


Getting to know the students

Let's get to know our learning profiles

Learning styles




Area of expertise

Work role

Cultural Background



Learning styles


What's yours?
Let's see the results.

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Some available tools:

Title your section here

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AN introduction
to an online course

learning styles:

  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Kinesthetic

Lets team up and create

Let's discuss in groups

Let's discuss in groups

How can we develop

a) spatial thinking

b) abstract thinking
c) verbal communication


Independent learning

Collaborative learning

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Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences

Fleming's VAK: visual, auditory, kinesthetic

Gardner (2001) mulitple intelligences: Logical/Mathematical, Linguistic, Musical, Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Naturalist, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal.

Jonie Degner

Universal Design for Learning Creates Culturally Accessible Classrooms

Culture and Inclusive Education

Let's see the results

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Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT)

and Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Effective multicultural education must consider not just schooling, but also the larger social, economic, and political factors that affect students’ success or failure in the classroom.

Sonia Nieto, University of Massachusetts Amherst (Emerita)
and Patty Bode, Tufts University.

UDL optimizes teaching and learning through providing students with equal learning opportunities by presenting learning content in a variety of ways and allowing multiple options to demonstrate understanding.

UDL practitioners try to anticipate barriers in the learning environment and design flexible solutions to remove them.

Joni Degner


Competency for the Classroom

Building understanding

Give students

room to tell
their personal

Let the students

to co-design
lessons, activities,
and grading rubrics.

Don’t let teachers be the lone cultural resource in the classroom

A Culture of Connection

Inclusive Learning Environments

Recognize diversity.

Foster student engagement .
Promote oportunities for belonging.

Clear Guidance on Course Expectations

  • Course goals - what are the intended outcomes of the course?
  • Learning objectives - what learning will students be able to demonstrate when they have completed the course?
  • Expectations - how should students expect to participate and engage in order to achieve the course goals and learning objectives?


Captions for Recordings and Live Sessions

Descriptions of images, videos and audiorecordings
Back Up Course Files for Students
Stay in close communication with students
Be ready to handle requests for course flexibility equitably.

Share Academic Resources

Guide students on how to obtain resources

Normalize and guide help-seeking
Provide guidance on language supprt
and development



Set rules and guidelines

Visible student profiles and names

Speaking turns
Logging early
Eliminating distractions
Setting clear rules



inclusive resources,

tools and materials

OptiCal character recognition


Text to Speech Reader

Dictation Tools

Dictation Tools



Light from screens can affect your sleep

How would you incorporate these tools?

Let's see the results

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Additional Research
and Related References

Apple, M. (2006) Language Learning Theories and Cooperative Learning Techniques in the EFL Classroom. In: Doshiba Studies in Language and Culture. 9 (2), 277-301

Bass, G. (2020) Culturally Responsive Teaching and UDL. Retrieved from: https://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/course-design-ideas/culturally-responsive-teaching-and-udl/

Columbia CLT (2020). Guide for Inclusive Teaching at Columbia . Retrieved from: https://ctl.columbia.edu/files/2020/02/Guide-for-Inclusive-Teaching-at-Columbia_Accessibility-Revisions_15-January-2020_FINAL.pdf

Degner, J. (2016) How Universal Design for Learning Creates Culturally Accessible Classrooms. Education Week Teacher. Retrieved from: https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2016/11/14/udl-creates-cultural-competency-in-classroom.html?print=1

Hollister, D. (2020) Diversity & Inclusion in the Online Classroom. Retrieved from: https://www.pearsoned.com/diversity-inclusion-in-the-online-classroom/

Resources shared in Google Drive:


Disability Resources in Second Life



Other Multimedia Resources


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