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Needs Detection as a First Step in Distance Learning.

Dr. Sandra Camelo

We should always start by


Getting to know the students

Let's get to know our learning profiles

Learning styles




Area of expertise

Work role

Cultural Background



Learning styles


What's yours?Let's see the results.

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Let's explore

Some available tools:

Title your section here

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AN introductionto an online courseimplementinglearning styles:


Lets team up and create

Let's discuss in groups

Let's discuss in groups

How can we develop

a) spatial thinkingb) abstract thinkingc) verbal communication


Independent learning

Collaborative learning

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Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences

Fleming's VAK: visual, auditory, kinestheticGardner (2001)mulitple intelligences: Logical/Mathematical, Linguistic, Musical, Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Naturalist, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal.

Jonie Degner

Universal Design for Learning Creates Culturally Accessible Classrooms

Culture and Inclusive Education

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Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT)and Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Effective multicultural education must consider not just schooling, but also the larger social, economic, and political factors that affect students’ success or failure in the classroom.Sonia Nieto, University of Massachusetts Amherst (Emerita)and Patty Bode, Tufts University.

UDL optimizes teaching and learning through providing students with equal learning opportunities by presenting learning content in a variety of ways and allowing multiple options to demonstrate understanding.UDL practitioners try to anticipate barriers in the learning environment and design flexible solutions to remove them.Joni Degner

https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2016/11/14/udl-creates-cultural-competency-in-classroom.htmlHow Universal Design for Learning Creates Culturally Accessible ClassroomsFirst Person I spend much of my time working with teachers to improve learning environments in ways that reach all students. In my current position...Teacher Teacher

Competency for the Classroom

Building understanding

Give studentsroom to telltheir personalstories.

Let the studentsto co-designlessons, activities,and grading rubrics.

Don’t let teachers be the lone cultural resource in the classroom

A Culture of Connection

Inclusive Learning Environments

Recognize diversity.Foster student engagement .Promote oportunities for belonging.

Clear Guidance on Course Expectations

Course goals - what are the intended outcomes of the course?Learning objectives - what learning will students be able to demonstrate when they have completed the course?Expectations - how should students expect to participate and engage in order to achieve the course goals and learning objectives?


Captions for Recordings and Live SessionsDescriptions of images, videos and audiorecordingsBack Up Course Files for StudentsStay in close communication with studentsBe ready to handle requests for course flexibility equitably.

Share Academic Resources

Guide students on how to obtain resourcesNormalize and guide help-seekingProvide guidance on language supprtand development



Set rules and guidelines

Visible student profiles and namesSpeaking turnsLogging earlyEliminating distractionsSetting clear rules



inclusive resources,tools and materials

OCR -OptiCal character recognition


Text to Speech Reader

Dictation Tools

Dictation Tools



Light from screens can affect your sleep

How would you incorporate these tools?

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Let's exploreAdditional Researchand Related References

Apple, M. (2006) Language Learning Theories and Cooperative Learning Techniques in the EFL Classroom. In: Doshiba Studies in Language and Culture. 9 (2), 277-301Bass, G. (2020) Culturally Responsive Teaching and UDL. Retrieved from: https://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/course-design-ideas/culturally-responsive-teaching-and-udl/Columbia CLT (2020). Guide for Inclusive Teaching at Columbia. Retrieved from: https://ctl.columbia.edu/files/2020/02/Guide-for-Inclusive-Teaching-at-Columbia_Accessibility-Revisions_15-January-2020_FINAL.pdfDegner, J. (2016) How Universal Design for Learning Creates Culturally Accessible Classrooms. Education Week Teacher. Retrieved from: https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2016/11/14/udl-creates-cultural-competency-in-classroom.html?print=1Hollister, D. (2020) Diversity & Inclusion in the Online Classroom. Retrieved from: https://www.pearsoned.com/diversity-inclusion-in-the-online-classroom/Resources shared in Google Drive:https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1gGTrteCkt_2zc34k-xSwq6QvEDSeRq_c?usp=sharingDisability Resources in Second Lifehttps://virtualability.org/second-life-disability-resources/https://virtualability.org/idrac-2020/

Other Multimedia Resources


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