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Community of Inquiry(CoI)

Creating an online community for learners

What is a CoI?

A community of inquiry is an intentional design approach to create learning experiences that are interactive, collaborative and transformative (Vaughan, Cleveland-Innes and Garrison, 2013).

CoI in Practice

Kristin Palmer, Online Learning Programs Director, University of Virginia


Social Presence

Learners:create profilesrecord introductory videosengage in online forums

Cognitive Presence

Learners are:posed questions for discussioninvited to reflectencouraged to share information

Teaching Presence

Facilitator:encourages discussionprovides methods of reflectionprovides ongoing feedback

CoI Strategies


Palmer, K. (2020, May 13). CoI overview without slides. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://cte.virginia.edu/resources/applying-community-inquiry-frameworkVaughan, N. D., Cleveland-Innes, M., & Garrison, D. R. (2013). Teaching in blended learning environments: Creating and sustaining communities of inquiry. Chapter 3: Facilitation. (p. 45-61). Retrieved from http://www.aupress.ca/books/120229/ebook/03_Vaughan_et_al_2013-Teaching_in_Blended_Learning_Environments.pdf