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Transcript

What exactly is archaelogy?,SciShow Kids will help you "dig" deeper!,Video Credit: SciShow Kids,Home,Return,Home,Stratigraphy,The Analysis of Deposit Layers,Layer 1,Layer 2,Layer 3,Layer 4,Orangey-brown sand with fewer pebbles, cobbles inclusion,Dark brown sand with pebbles, cobbles, mortar inclusion,Brown sand w/ lots of cobbles, pebbles, boulder, inclusion, loose composition,, Reddish brown sand w/ pebbles, cobble inclusion,Depth: 100.19metres above sea level,Depth: 99.99 metres above sea level,Depth: 99.77 metres above sea level,Depth: 99.51 metres above sea level,Based on where each artefact was found, which one do you think is the oldest?,Analyzing stratigraphy and where artefacts are found is a valuable tool to date both artefacts and the site itself,Return,Return,Return,Return,Return,Return,Return,Home,Photo Credit: NASA,Return,1,2,3,4,Home,Return,Return,Return,Return,Return,Home,Archaeology Terms,Start,Home,1/10,Archaeology,Next,The study of human life from the past. An archaeologist digs up and then studies objects such as pottery, tools, and buildings.,,,2/10,Excavation,Next,The official digging and recording of an archaeological site.,3/10,Strata,Next,The different layers of soil that form over time. A single layer is called a stratum.,,4/10,Stratigraphy,Next,The study of different layers of soil (or strata).,5/10,Deposit,Next,A group of objects that are found in a single layer.,,,6/10,Dating,Next,The process through which archaeologists find out the date, age, or time period of an artefact.,,7/10,Terminus Post Quem,The earliest possible date for an artefact. The phrase is Latin for “limit after which,” meaning that the artefact must have been created after that date.,Next,8/10,Terminus Ante Quem,Next,The latest possible date for an artefact. The phrase is Latin for “limit before which,” meaning that the artefact must have been created before that date.,,,9/10,Provenance,The documented history of an artefact.,Next,10/10,A trash or garbage heap that marks a place where humans once lived. Middens often contain tools, pottery, and other items that help us learn about the people who made them.,Midden,Next,Congratulations!,Now you can sound like a real archaeologist!,Return,Home,1/10,Archaeology,Next,The study of human life from the past. An archaeologist digs up and then studies objects such as pottery, tools, and buildings.