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ORIGINS OF THE CARNIVAL OF NEW YORKMost people considering the U.S.’s carnival events think of Mardi Gras, but this year we’re proposing that the Brooklyn Labor Day Parade be counted among the festivities. The Labor Day Parade began in Harlem in 1930. Before the arrival of Lent, large costume parties often took place, as Caribbean communities brought their traditions to the United States. The first street parade took place on September 1, 1947 and was celebrated in Harlem by the large Caribbean community there. The parade was later moved to Crown Heights Brooklyn when permission to have it in Harlem was revoked.
ORIGINS OF VENICE’S CARNIVALThe carnival is thought to have originated from a victory of the Republic of Venice over the Patriarch of Aquileia, Ulrico di Treven, in 1162. Overjoyed by the victory, the people gathered in San Marco Square to celebrate.Though its origins are rooted in the 11th century, the Venetian Carnival was made an official celebration when Christopher Tolive, secretary to the Dux de Venecia, proposed the idea to the authorities in 1296 as a way of increasing contact between the upper and lower classes. The Dux approved the celebration that same year.
In Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands
ORIGIN OF THE CARNIVAL OF TENERIFEThe Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife has been celebrated since the time of the earliest European settlement, and possibly earlier. In 1605, Gaspar Luis Hidalgo alluded to the custom of cross dressing. Early written references date from the end of the 18th century, in the writings of visitors and later, in official documents seeking to celebrations orderly and civil.The journal of Lope Antonio de la Guerra Peña in 1778 includes a dance held in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, where he mentions comparsas (musical performing groups). In 1783, the Corregidor reported the use of masks "being banned by royal instruction". In 1891, we find the first documented appearance of a group of musical performers assembled for the sole purpose of performing at the Carnival of Santa Cruz, Tenerife.
In various parts of Brazil, such as Rio de Janeiro, Recife y Olinda or Florianópolis, among others.
In the city of New York, U.S.
ORIGIN OF THE CARNIVAL OF CADIZThe Carnival of Cádiz is one of Spain’s most important and famous carnivals, earning it (along with the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the Carnival of Águilas in Murcia) the title of Festival of International Interest.There aren’t any documents declaring the origin of the Carnivals of Cadiz, but historians believe that they began during the 16th or 17th century as a result of the influence of the Italian colony there at the time.
In Nice, France
Origin of the Brazilian CarnivalThe Carnival celebrations were brought to Brazil by Spanish, Portuguese, and Dutch sailors where, mixed with Afro-Brazilian culture, they acquired their own unique personality, and are associated with an abundance of parades with floats, costumes, and popular dances.Regardless of the Catholic inspiration, it’s European origins are based on a type of Carnival called introito (from the Latin word for “introduction”) or “entrudo” in the Portuguese language., which are characterized by the game of throwing water from one person to the next in order to purify the body.
In the city of Cádiz, Andalusia
ORIGINS OF THE CARNIVAL OF NICEThe Carnival of Nice is referenced for the first time in history in 1294, when Charles D’Anjour, Count of Provence, comments that Nice celebrated the happy days of their Carnival. In 1830, the first procession was organized in honor of Charles-Félix and María Cristina, sovereigns of the Kingdom of Piedmont Sardinia. Until 1872, the citizens of Nice dressed up in costumes independently and threw confetti, flour and eggs at one another.
In Venice, Italy