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Geographie. Territoires. Cartographie. Environnement. Urbanisme. Nouveautés février 2020. Mapping the oceans. Cote : 551.46 FRY. Résumé : War-torn deserts, jihadist killings, trucks weighted down with contraband and migrants - from the Afghan-Pakistan borderlands to the Sahara, images of danger depict a new world disorder on the global margins. With vivid detail, Ruben Andersson traverses this terrain to provide a startling new understanding of what is happening in remote "danger zones." Instead of buying into apocalyptic visions, Andersson takes aim at how Western states and international organizations conduct military, aid, and border interventions in a dangerously myopic fashion, further disconnecting the world's rich and poor. Using drones, proxy forces, border reinforcement, and outsourced aid, risk-obsessed powers are helping to remap the world into zones of insecurity and danger. The result is a vision of chaos crashing into fortified borders, with national and global politics riven by fear. Andersson contends that we must reconnect and snap out of this dangerous spiral, which affects us whether we live in Texas or Timbuktu. Only by developing a new cartography of hope can we move beyond the political geography of fear that haunts us.. No go world. Cote : 327 AND. Cote : 911 PLE. Résumé : Freedom Bound explores Scotland's uncomfortable connections with the history of slavery. We follow the interconnected stories of three enslaved people seeking freedom in Scotland in the decades before the legal case which decided that Scots Law could not tolerate slavery. Freedom Bound is the first book of its kind and we anticipate it becoming an invaluable teaching resource, encompassing art, literature, history and politics, as well as a gripping historical novel for popular release. The book aims to make this difficult subject matter accessible for young readers.. Freedom bound. Cote : 711 HAR. Dialogical planning in a fragmented society. Résumé : The culmination of a critical study of neo-pragmatism philosophy and its application to planning, Dialogical Planning in a Fragmented Society begins with philosopher Stanley M. Stein's examination of neo-pragmatism and his thoughts on how it can be useful in the field of environmental design-specifically, how it can be applied to planning procedures and problems. Neo-pragmatism is an approach that has been, in the past, best expressed or implied in the writing of Hilary Putnam, Richard Rorty, and, in particular, Donald Davidson, John Rawls, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. Thomas L. Harper furthers this tradition by providing the context for this theoretical application from his academic background in economics and management as well as his practical experience with political decision-making processes, community planning, and economic development. The result is a fresh synthesis of ideas-a new approach to thinking about planning theory and its implications for, and relationship with, practice. Philosopher Michael Walzer has asserted that "philosophy reflects and articulates the political culture of its time, and politics presents and enacts the arguments of philosophy." Similarly, the authors view planning theory as planning reflected upon in tranquility, away from the tumult of battle, and planning practice as planning theory acted out in the confusion of the trenches. Each changes the other in a dynamic way, and the authors demonstrate the intimate and inextricable link between them. . Résumé : Can cities solve the biggest problems of the twenty-first century better than nations? Is the city democracy's best hope?In the face of the most perilous challenges of our time-climate change, terrorism, poverty, and trafficking of drugs, guns, and people-the nations of the world seem paralyzed. The problems are too big, too interdependent, too divisive for the nation-state. Is the nation-state, once democracy's best hope, today democratically dysfunctional? Obsolete? The answer, says Benjamin Barber in this highly provocative and original book, is yes. Cities and the mayors who run them can do and are doing a better job. Barber cites the unique qualities cities worldwide share: pragmatism, civic trust, participation, indifference to borders and sovereignty, and a democratic penchant for networking, creativity, innovation, and cooperation. He demonstrates how city mayors, singly and jointly, are responding to transnational problems more effectively than nation-states mired in ideological infighting and sovereign rivalries. Featuring profiles of a dozen mayors around the world-courageous, eccentric, or both at once-If Mayors Ruled the World presents a compelling new vision of governance for the coming century. Barber makes a persuasive case that the city is democracy's best hope in a globalizing world, and great mayors are already proving that this is so.. If mayors ruled the world. Cote : 352.1 BAR. Cool cities. Cote : 710 BAR. Résumé : A pointed argument that cities-not nation-states-can and must take the lead in fighting climate change. Climate change is the most urgent challenge we face in an interdependent world where independent nations have grown increasingly unable to cooperate effectively, even on the urgent issue of sustainability. Can cities do better? Benjamin R. Barber argues that with more than half the world's population, 80 percent of both its GDP and its greenhouse gas emissions, and a common will to cooperate, they can. In this compelling sequel to If Mayors Ruled the World, Barber assesses both broad principles and specific strategies like fracking bans, walkable cities, above-ground mining of precious resources, energy and heating drawn from garbage incineration, downtown wind turbines, and skyscrapers built from wood. He shows how cities working together on climate change can find common measures by which to evaluate the radically different policies they pursue. This is a book for a world in which combating climate change is about nothing less than cities' survival.. Cote : 700 ZAS. Outdoor art : la sculture et ses lieux. Résumé : Comment l’art et la politique se croisent-ils ? Ce livre explore cette question en nous invitant à déambuler pour observer, comprendre, aimer ou détester les sculptures contemporaines situées en extérieur : l’Outdoor Art. On n’a pas d’hésitation sur les objectifs des statues au classicisme pompeux du XIXe siècle ou, pire, sur ceux des monuments fascistes ou staliniens : l’art est alors « public » au sens où il est situé au centre d’un « espace public » où le pouvoir s’exhibe et intimide ; les spectateurs lèvent la tête vers ce qui est puissant.Ce livre explore un autre univers : celui de l’Outdoor Art ; sans contraindre l’environnement, il ne s’y dissout pas. Il coopère avec lui tout en le modifiant. En accord avec nos principes démocratiques de liberté, d’individualité et de justice, il crée des lieux de promenade, de contemplation ou de jeu, qui rassemblent sans uniformiser. Nous n’y sommes ni spectateur ni consommateur mais visiteur.La fontaine Stravinsky à Paris est un exemple connu. Il y en a beaucoup d’autres que Joëlle Zask convoque, d’Isamu Noguchi à Bruce Nauman, de George Segal à Rachel Whiteread, de Jean Dubuffet à Richard Serra, en finissant par les mémoriaux dédiés à la destruction des Juifs d’Europe. L’enjeu est esthétique, politique et social : voulons-nous dominer le monde, ou être en interaction avec les lieux où nous vivons ? Vous ne vous promènerez plus de la même manière après avoir lu ce livre.. Résumé : This book explores the ways in which the EU features overlapping spheres of authority. Using territorial ideas prevalent in the Medieval Period, Andreas Faludi offers ways to rethink the current debates surrounding territorialism in the EU.Challenging contemporary European spatial planning, this book explores how modern planning puts the democratic control of state territories and their development in question. The notion of democracy in an increasingly interconnected world is a key issue, and as such Faludi advocates a Europe where national borders are questioned, and ultimately transgressed.Progressive and timely, this book is an invaluable read for academic and practicing planners concerned with European planning and co-operation. Critical social and political geographers will also benefit from the revolutionary insights Faludi offers.. Cote : 711 FAL. The poverty of territorialism. Résumé : The accidental shooting of Kathryn Steinle in July of 2015 by an undocumented immigrant ignited a firestorm of controversy around sanctuary cities, which are municipalities where officials are prohibited from inquiring into the immigration status of residents. Some decline immigration detainer requests from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. While sanctuary cities have been in existence since the 1980s, the Steinle shooting and the presidency of Donald Trump have brought them renewed attention and raised a number of questions. How have these policies evolved since the 1980s and how has the media framed them? Do sanctuary policies "breed crime" as some have argued, or do they help to politically incorporate immigrant populations? What do Americans think about sanctuary cities, and have their attitudes changed in recent years? How are states addressing the conflict between sanctuary cities and the federal government?In one of the first comprehensive examinations of sanctuary cities, Loren Collingwood and Benjamin Gonzalez O'Brien show that sanctuary policies have no discernible effect on crime rates; rather, anti-sanctuary state laws may undercut communities' trust in law enforcement. Indeed, sanctuary policies do have the potential to better incorporate immigrant populations into the larger city, with both Latino police force representation and Latino voter turnout increasing as a result. Despite this, public opinion on sanctuary cities remains sharply divided and has become intensely partisanized.. Sanctuary cities. Cote : 325 COL. Résumé : America's public parks are in a golden age. Hundreds of millions of dollars both public and private fund urban jewels like Manhattan's Central Park. Keeping the polish on landmark parks and in neighborhood playgrounds alike means that the trash must be picked up, benches painted, equipment tested, and leaves raked. Bringing this often-invisible work into view, however, raises profound questions for citizens of cities. In Who Cleans the Park? John Krinsky and Maud Simonet explain that the work of maintaining parks has intersected with broader trends in welfare reform, civic engagement, criminal justice, and the rise of public-private partnerships. Welfare-to-work trainees, volunteers, unionized city workers (sometimes working outside their official job descriptions), staff of nonprofit park "conservancies," and people sentenced to community service are just a few of the groups who routinely maintain parks. With public services no longer being provided primarily by public workers, Krinsky and Simonet argue, the nature of public work must be reevaluated. Based on four years of fieldwork in New York City, Who Cleans the Park? looks at the transformation of public parks from the ground up.Beginning with studying changes in the workplace, progressing through the public-private partnerships that help maintain the parks, and culminating in an investigation of a park's contribution to urban real-estate values, the book unearths a new urban order based on nonprofit partnerships and a rhetoric of responsible citizenship, which at the same time promotes unpaid work, reinforces workers' domination at the workplace, and increases the value of park-side property. Who Cleans the Park? asks difficult questions about who benefits from public work, ultimately forcing us to think anew about the way we govern ourselves, with implications well beyond the five boroughs.. Who cleans the park ? . Cote : 331 KRI. Résumé : As the haves and have-nots grow more separate and unequal in America, the working poor don’t get heard from much. Now they have a voice—and it’s forthright, funny, and just a little bit furious.Here, Linda Tirado tells what it’s like, day after day, to work, eat, shop, raise kids, and keep a roof over your head without enough money. She also answers questions often asked about those who live on or near minimum wage: Why don’t they get better jobs? Why don’t they make better choices? Why do they smoke cigarettes and have ugly lawns? Why don’t they borrow from their parents?Enlightening and entertaining, Hand to Mouth opens up a new and much-needed dialogue between the people who just don’t have it and the people who just don’t get it.. Hand to mouth. Cote : 363 TIR. Résumé : 'Diagrams of Power' collects contemporary artworks and projects that use data, diagrams, maps and visualizations as ways of challenging dominant narratives and supporting the resilience of marginalized communities.The artists and designers featured critique conventionalized and established truths that obscure important histories or perpetuate oppressive regimes; they also contribute to positive social change by engaging communities and providing alternative strategies for storytelling, communication and organizing. Historical and contemporary uses of data and visualization in colonization, surveillance and management are problematized through critical interventions that use performance, embodiment and counternarratives. . Cote : 327 DIA. Diagrams of power. Résumé : Climb a mountain and experience the landscape. Try to grasp its holistic nature. Do not climb alone, but with others and share your experience. Be sure the ways of seeing the landscape will be very different. We experience the landscape with all senses as a complex, dynamic and hierarchically structured whole. The landscape is tangible out there and simultaneously a mental reality. Several perspectives are obvious because of language, culture and background. Many disciplines developed to study the landscape focussing on specific interest groups and applications. Gradually the holistic way of seeing became lost.This book explores the different perspectives on the landscape in relation to its holistic nature. We start from its multiple linguistic meanings and a comprehensive overview of the development of landscape research from its geographical origins to the wide variety of today's specialised disciplines and interest groups. Understanding the different perspectives on the landscapes and bringing them together is essential in transdisciplinary approaches where the landscape is the integrating concept.. Landscape perspectives. Cote : 712 ANT. Cote : 700 ZAS. Introduction à John Dewey. Résumé : Avec Charles S. Peirce et William James, John Dewey (1859-1952) est un fondateur de la philosophie pragmatiste. Connu pour sa théorie de l’éducation par l’expérience, pour sa philosophie de l’art ou pour sa théorie de l’enquête, il s’est aussi attelé à la tâche de « reconstruire » la philosophie sociale. Son projet fait de lui un fondateur de la démocratie radicale et participative. Au lieu de se limiter au rôle de la critique sociale, Dewey a pour ambition de proposer une définition du « social » telle que la « société » soit mise en quelque sorte « à la portée » de ses membres.Les questions qui animent ses textes de 1898 à 1948 sont les suivantes : comment concevoir la société et la socialisation de manière à garantir une « action sociale » efficace qui soit, en fonction des circonstances, individuelle, commune ou collective ? Comment se représenter la société non seulement pour supprimer tout un cortège de faux problèmes, mais surtout pour atténuer les divers blocages qui menacent ou même suppriment la participation des individus à l’existence des groupes dont ils sont membres et, ce faisant, leur individualité ?. Asylum after empire. Cote : 325 MAY. Résumé : Asylum seekers are not welcome in Europe. But why is that the case? For many scholars, the policies have become more restrictive over recent decades because the asylum seekers have changed. This change is often said to be about numbers, methods of travel, and reasons for flight. In short: we are in an age of hypermobility and states cannot cope with such volumes of 'others'.This book presents an alternative view, drawing on theoretical insights from Third World Approaches to International Law, post- and decolonial studies, and presenting new research on the context of the British Empire. The text highlights the fact that since the early 1990s, for the first time, the majority of asylum seekers originate from countries outside of Europe, countries which until 30-60 years ago were under colonial rule. Policies which address asylum seekers must, the book argues, be understood not only as part of a global hypermobile present, but within the context of colonial histories.. Border thinking. Cote : 341 BOR. Résumé : 'Border Thinking: Disassembling Histories of Racialized Violence' aims to question and provide answers to current border issues in Europe. Central to this investigation is a refugee crisis that is primarily a crisis of global Western capitalism and its components: modernization, nationalism, structural racism, dispossession, and social, political, and economic violence.In this volume, these notions and conditions are connected with the concept of borders, which seems to have disappeared as a function of the global neoliberal economy but is palpably reappearing again and again through deportations, segregations, and war. How can we think about these relations in an open way, beyond borders? Is it possible to develop border thinking for a radical transformation, as a means to revolutionize the state of things? To do this, we must reconsider what is possible for the social and the political as well as for art and culture.. The SAGE handbook of geographical knowledge. Cote : 900 SAG. Résumé : The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined.It comprises three sections on geographical orientations, geography's venues, and critical geographical concepts and controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of "geography". The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought. . Cote : 526.8 MAP. Maps : finding our place in the world. Résumé : The book begins by examining the use of maps for wayfinding, revealing that even maps as common and widely used as these are the product of historical circumstances and cultural differences. The second chapter considers maps whose makers employed the smallest of scales to envision the broadest of human stages - the world, the heavens, even the act of creation itself. The next chapter looks at maps that are, literally, at the opposite end of the scale from cosmological and world maps - maps that represent specific parts of the world and provide a close-up view of areas in which their makers lived, worked, and moved.Exhibition: The Field Museum, Chicago, Nov. 2, 2007 - Jan. 27, 2008; The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, March 15 - June 8, 2008.