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START,Shanghai town is established,Beijing continues to flourish during the Qing Dynasty,Lying on the banks of the muddy Huángpû River, Shanghai began life as a humble fishing village, and was left alone for many centuries. In fact, it wasn’t until the 6th century AD that Shanghai’s strategic location saw it grow as a commercial fishing hub.,Beijing in the war years,On 31 January 1949, Communist forces entered Beijing and proclaimed the creation of the People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Square. The city became the capital of the new government, and its name was reverted back to Beijing. Since that day, the city has undergone huge upheaval both politically and culturally, but has retained much of its character, heritage and culture.,A GLIMPSE INTO,SHANGHAI'S PAST,1368-1644,After the fall of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368, the Ming Dynasty established its own capital on the site of Dadu, naming it Nanjing or ‘northern peace’. This is when the Beijing we know and love really began to take shape, with the building of some of the city’s great heritage icons, including the Forbidden City (1406-1420), the Temple of Heaven (1420), Tiananmen Square and the start of the Great Wall. In 1421, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, or ‘northern capital’.,Beijing in the war years,The People's Republic of China is created in Beijing,Beijing in the 21st Century,Today, Beijing is the 13th largest city on Earth with a population of 21.7 million people. In 2008, the city hosted the Olympic Games to widespread acclaim, and it remains the political and cultural heart of China – attracting millions every year with its blend of ancient history, evocative culture and superb local cuisine.,960-1279,1368-1644,China’s 1,000 years of imperial rule came to an end in 1911, with the abdication of Emperor Pu Yi during the Xinhai Revolution. Imperial China became the Republic of China, ushering in several decades of political unrest and infighting across the country. Beijing itself underwent several name changes during this time, with different factions changing its name from Beijing to Beiping.,Like many other Chinese cities, Shanghai developed rapidly under the rule of the Ming Dynasty, one of the most powerful in the history of Imperial China. It was during this time that some of the city’s ancient architecture was built, including the Yu Garden. By the end of the Ming Dynasty, the city was the largest port of the South China Sea, and attracted traders from across Southeast Asia.,1949,1937-1945,The influence of the Ming Dynasty is felt,,Shanghai has the most unique timeline of any Asian city, with much of its development happening over the last 200 years.,1937-1945,Shanghai begins life as a small fishing village,The Ming Dynasty years,The Sui and Tang Dynasties saw something in Shanghai that other Imperial rulers hadn’t, and quickly began to transform the city into a commercial trading and fishing hub. By the end of the Tang Dynasty in the 10th century, the city was a significant trading destination, particularly with Japan and Korea.,The city grows during the Sui and Tang Dynsasty eras,221BC-220AD,581-907,During the Sino-Japanese War and later the Second World War, Beijing was occupied by Japanese forces, who held much of northern China. The city was proclaimed the capital of Provisional Government of the Republic of China, which was essentially a puppet state orchestrated by the Japanese. When Japan surrendered to Allied forces on 15 August 1945, the city’s name was reverted to Beiping, whose translation, ‘northern peace’, was a fitting name for a city set free from occupation after eight long years. ,During the Sino-Japanese War and later the Second World War, Beijing was occupied by Japanese forces, who held much of northern China. The city was proclaimed the capital of Provisional Government of the Republic of China, which was essentially a puppet state orchestrated by the Japanese. When Japan surrendered to Allied forces on 15 August 1945, the city’s name was reverted to Beiping, whose translation, ‘northern peace’, was a fitting name for a city set free from occupation after eight long years. ,After a peasant uprising led to the Ming regime being overthrown, the Qing Dynasty, led by the Manchus, replaced it. Beijing remained the capital of China throughout the Qing period, growing in stature as industry and a growing population brought greater wealth to the city. This is the period in which Beijing flourished as a cultural centre, with entertainment like the Peking Opera coming to the fore.,1644-1911,1949,1911,The foundations of Shanghai as we know it today were laid by the Song Dynasty, who established Shanghai town in the early years of the 12th century.,The last Imperial Emperor