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Episodes of social, political and religious intolerance in Spain

a judicial procedure and later an institution established by the papacy and, sometimes, by secular governments to combat heresy.

Derived from the Latin verb inquiro (“inquire into”), the name was applied to commissions in the 13th century and subsequently to similar structures in early modern Europe.


The Spanish Inquisition

Religious intolerance

Persecution of Protestantism

It dates back to the 16th century, In its beginnings, Spanish Protestantism extended mainly between the noble and cultured class, due to its relationship with Humanism.

the Lutherans were repressed and persecuted by the Spanish Inquisition. Those who were able to escape fled to Protestant or more tolerant states.

Intolerance & Ethnic minorities

The relations between the local population and the gypsies were generally good during the fifteenth century. But from 1469, with the Catholic Monarchs, they gave the gypsies a period of two months to abandon their way of life, identity and their language, under penalty of expulsion or slavery.

Ethnic minorities: Romani Ethnicity

Expulsion of the Moriscos

It was decreed by King Philip III of Spain on April 9, 1609. The Moriscos were descendants of Spain's Muslim population that had converted to Christianity by coercion or by royal decree in the early 16th century..

Expulsion of the Moriscos

Persecution before, during and after the Civil War

Persecution and violence against clergy and civilians because of their political beliefs and their sexual orientation.

Before the civil war, clergy and right-wing are persecuted by Republicans. After the war, left wing suffers persecution and discrimination

Persecutions before, during and after Civil War


ETA stands for "Euskadi Ta Askatasuna", i.e. from Basque, Basque Country and Freedom.

Its priority objectives were the independence of Basque country from Spain and France; in order to achieve these objectives it used murder, kidnapping, terrorism and economic extortion both in Spain and, occasionally, in France.
829 people were killed and over 3000 injured

Separatist- Groups & Terrorism

European Heritage