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Present Day,The Turks invaded Hungary in the early 16th century, and settled in Kalocsa in 1543, causing many local people to flee their homes. During the Turkish occupation, the town was left to rack and ruin, and many buildings sadly deteriorated beyond repair. In 1602, the town burned to the ground following the start of the ‘long war’.,Thanks to its status as an important religious site and its proximity to the Danube trade passage, Kalocsa flourished throughout the medieval period. By the 1500s, the town had a castle, a cathedral, several churches, a school and a cemetery, making it one of the best-established settlements of the region.,Following the war, Kalocsa, like all of Hungary and the Eastern Bloc, fell behind the iron curtain of the Soviet Union. The communists converted the town’s synagogue into a public library, and deprived it of subsidies due to its associations with Catholicism.,Kalocsa is a small town in a picturesque part of rural Hungary, some 88 miles south of Budapest. It’s considered the gateway to the beautiful Puszta plain, and is celebrated for its folk art traditions, paprika trade and proximity to the Danube river.,Kalocsa at the tie of the Hungarian Conquest,900-1000,Like many towns close to or on the River Danube, Kalocsa stems from Celtic origins, with evidence of primitive buildings dating from around 1,500 BC. Indeed, recent archaeological surveys have traced over 300 buildings built by the Celts over 2,000 years ago.,A GLIMPSE INTO,The early origins of Kalocsa,1500BC,KALOCSA'S PAST,With the Turks ousted from Hungary, Kalocsa began to recover, with many families returning to the town to rebuild their lives. Croatian Franciscans reintroduced the Catholic religion to Kalocsa, and building work began to restore it to its former glory.,START,Kalocsa recovers,1939-1945,Craftsmen and craftswomen celebrated in Kalocsa,The archbishops of Kalocsa went to great lengths to attract new residents and increase the population of the town, including recovering lands and buildings which could be used by craftspeople. In the 1700s, Kalocsa was home to hundreds of craftsmen and women, and they were considered among the highest-ranking citizens in the town. This love and respect for traditional craft helps keep Kalocsa’s folk art traditions alive today.,Kalocsa in WW2,With a thousand years of history and wonderful folk-art traditions, Kalocsa is no ordinary backwater. Here, we take a look at some of the important moments in the town’s proud history.,Despite being a relatively small town, Kalocsa didn’t escape the atrocities of WWII. In 1944, the Nazis deported all Jewish people from the town, many of which were murdered in concentration camps in Germany or Poland. Those who returned did so only to collect their possessions before moving on. The war took a huge toll on the town and its population, which had previously had a large Jewish population.,Kalocsa today,1543,1950-1990,1630-1686,The history of Kalocsa as we know it today began at the time of the Hungarian Conquest. King Stephen commissioned the building of a church on the site of the town, making it the second centre of Catholicism in Hungary after Esztergom. A further two churches were subsequently built in 1220 and 1380.,The Turks occupy Kalocsa,1100-1500,Medieval Kalocsa flourishes.,The Post-War Communist Years,1700-1882,Medieval Kalocsa flourishes.,Thanks to its status as an important religious site and its proximity to the Danube trade passage, Kalocsa flourished throughout the medieval period. By the 1500s, the town had a castle, a cathedral, several churches, a school and a cemetery, making it one of the best-established settlements of the region.,1100-1500