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Created on Wed Jul 10 2019 15:08:24 GMT+0000 (UTC)
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1540,A timeline of silk-weaving in Lyon,,silk-weaving inLyon,START,Lyon is granted a monopoly on raw silk imports to France,In 1540, King Francois I granted Lyon a monopoly on all raw silk imported into France, boosting the city’s economy and making it one of the most prosperous cities in the country. It also cemented it as the de facto capital of silk production in central Europe.,During the Renaissance period in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, silk traders converged on Lyon, travelling from places like Italy and Venice via the Rhône-Saône trade passage. Great trade fairs took place in the city, and it’s from this heritage that Lyon’s enduring association with silk took flight.,The Industrial Revolution boosts Lyon’s silk industry,When the world’s first mechanical loom arrived in the late 18th century, it changed the face of Lyon’s burgeoning silk industry forever, with more manufacturing power and a greater choice of products on offer.,1788,The Jacquard loom transforms silk production in Lyon,1784-1785,The impact of the mechanical loom was such that, by the latter part of the 18th century, the silk industry had risen to become one of Lyon’s biggest employers – accounting for over 28,000 jobs across the city.,The arrival of the Jacquard loom had a profound impact on Lyon’s silk trade. It was essentially a device which fitted to a standard power loom, and enabled the operator to create complex patterns more easily. Because it was an affordable way for businesses to upgrade equipment without buying entirely new machinery, the Jacquard loom device was a huge hit across Europe, and brought even greater wealth to silk cities such as Lyon.,Lyon’s silk-weaving history begins on the banks of Saône River,1450-1500,1788,Silk becomes one of the main pillars of Lyon’s economy,1820-1850,Lyon pioneers new fabric dyeing techniques,A hundred years on from the arrival of the power loom, and the silk industry became Lyon’s biggest economy, with around 100,000 looms in operation at any one time in factories across the French city.,As the demand for silk featuring innovative new patterns and colours grew, Lyon was at the forefront of developing new methods of dyeing fabric and cloth. By the mid-19th century, the city was at the forefront of Europe’s chemical dyes industry, driven by the demand for radical new silk shades.,1870,The ‘Canuts’ silk workers revolt,Lyon’s meteoric rise to the silk capital of Europe did have its darker moments. In 1831, the ‘Canuts’ silk workers of the Croix-Rousse district revolted against their poor working conditions, but their protestations were violently quashed. A second revolt happened a couple of years later, but was similarly brought to a premature end with little progress made to improve working conditions.,1831,A hundred years on from the arrival of the power loom, and the silk industry became Lyon’s biggest economy, with around 100,000 looms in operation at any one time in factories across the French city.,Lyon’s silk industry today,Present,The silk industry becomes Lyon’s major economy