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Unit 6

The Middle Ages

by Paula Milla

1998

1492

476 AD

5th-8th

8th-15th

8th-15th

14th-15th

Discovery of America

Fall of Western Roman Empire

Visigoths in the Iberian Peninsula

Look the video

3rd-4th centuries

VER

6th-7th centuries

8th century

5th century

Test

1.The Visigoths were able to expel the invaders.2.Franks forcing to return to Hispania.3. They stayed and created aVisigoth Kingdom (507)

1.Western Roman empire was in crisis. Barbarians (Germanic) moved into Roman territory.2. The Romans make an agreement with Visigoths. They helped to fight agaisnt Babarians.3. At year 409 the Suebi (West),Vandals(South) and Alans (middle)crossed Pyrennes.

1.Capital in Toledo.2.They adopted the Latin Language and Catholicism.

1. In 711 Islamic from North of Africa entered the Iberian Peninsula.2.Islam put the end of the Visigoth kingdom (Battle of Guadalete)

Al-Andalus

711

722

756

929

1031

1212

1492

Al-Andalus city

Test

Christian stopped the advanced of Muslims in the North

Muslim entered the Iberian Peninsula

Caliphate of Cordoba was a time of great splendour.

Al-Andalus became independent emirate of Cordoba

1.Al-Andaluz was divided into smaller kingdoms (taifas).2. There were internal conflicts.3.End of Caliphate of Córdoba

Christians won the Muslims in las Navas de Tolosa

Catholic Monarchs took over the last territory of Al-Andalus

The Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula

711

722

7 cEnturies

1492

Test

-Christian Kingdoms fought against the Muslims to win back the territory (7 centuries to cmplete it).-Society: Muslims, Christiansand Jewslived together (interculturality)

-Christian armies led by the Catholic Monarch took over the last Muslim territory: Granada-It was the endof Reconquista

King Pelayo won the Battle of Covadonga (Begin the Reconquista)

Battle of Guadalete. Visigoth fled to the mountains in the North.

The Christian Kingdom in the Iberia Peninsula

NAVARRA

CASTILLA Y LEÓN

aRAGÓN

aSTURIAS

pORTUGAL

Test

Video

What is the feudalism?

- First Christian Kingdom-Pelayo defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Covadonga (722)-9th century Pelayo expanded his territory to Castilla and León-10th century becamed kingdom of León

In 12 th century Portugal separated from de Kingdom of León and became independient Kingdom

-In the 10th century,Borell II won independence of the County of Barcelona.-In 11th century Aragón became and independence Kingdom of Aragon-In 12 thcentury Aragón and Barcelonajoined and formed the Crown of Aragon-In13 thcenturyMallorca andValencia Kingdom joined them-In 15 thcenturyFernando II of Aragón joined the Crown of Castilla and Aragón.

-In 10th century Castilla separated from León. Independienst Kingdoms.-In 1230 Kingdoms united again and became theCrown of Castilla-In 15th century Isabel I of Castilla became queen. She and Fernando II were the Catholic Monarchs, they ended the Reconquista in 1492

-King Sancho II el Mayor unified the Kingdoms of Navarra, Aragón and Castilla.-in 1512, it was the Crown of Castilla.