The Middle Ages
Paula Milla Monllor
Created on Sat May 04 2019 18:20:36 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
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The Middle Ages
by Paula Milla
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Fall of Western Roman Empire
Visigoths in the Iberian Peninsula
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1.The Visigoths were able to expel the invaders.2.Franks forcing to return to Hispania.3. They stayed and created aVisigoth Kingdom (507)
1.Western Roman empire was in crisis. Barbarians (Germanic) moved into Roman territory.2. The Romans make an agreement with Visigoths. They helped to fight agaisnt Babarians.3. At year 409 the Suebi (West),Vandals(South) and Alans (middle)crossed Pyrennes.
1.Capital in Toledo.2.They adopted the Latin Language and Catholicism.
1. In 711 Islamic from North of Africa entered the Iberian Peninsula.2.Islam put the end of the Visigoth kingdom (Battle of Guadalete)
Christian stopped the advanced of Muslims in the North
Muslim entered the Iberian Peninsula
Caliphate of Cordoba was a time of great splendour.
Al-Andalus became independent emirate of Cordoba
1.Al-Andaluz was divided into smaller kingdoms (taifas).2. There were internal conflicts.3.End of Caliphate of Córdoba
Christians won the Muslims in las Navas de Tolosa
Catholic Monarchs took over the last territory of Al-Andalus
The Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula
-Christian Kingdoms fought against the Muslims to win back the territory (7 centuries to cmplete it).-Society: Muslims, Christiansand Jewslived together (interculturality)
-Christian armies led by the Catholic Monarch took over the last Muslim territory: Granada-It was the endof Reconquista
King Pelayo won the Battle of Covadonga (Begin the Reconquista)
Battle of Guadalete. Visigoth fled to the mountains in the North.
The Christian Kingdom in the Iberia Peninsula
CASTILLA Y LEÓN
What is the feudalism?
- First Christian Kingdom-Pelayo defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Covadonga (722)-9th century Pelayo expanded his territory to Castilla and León-10th century becamed kingdom of León
In 12 th century Portugal separated from de Kingdom of León and became independient Kingdom
-In the 10th century,Borell II won independence of the County of Barcelona.-In 11th century Aragón became and independence Kingdom of Aragon-In 12 thcentury Aragón and Barcelonajoined and formed the Crown of Aragon-In13 thcenturyMallorca andValencia Kingdom joined them-In 15 thcenturyFernando II of Aragón joined the Crown of Castilla and Aragón.
-In 10th century Castilla separated from León. Independienst Kingdoms.-In 1230 Kingdoms united again and became theCrown of Castilla-In 15th century Isabel I of Castilla became queen. She and Fernando II were the Catholic Monarchs, they ended the Reconquista in 1492
-King Sancho II el Mayor unified the Kingdoms of Navarra, Aragón and Castilla.-in 1512, it was the Crown of Castilla.