The Vitruvian Man
Created on December 20, 2018
Year:c. 1487Medium: Pen and ink with wash over metalpoint on paperLocation: Gallerie dell’Accademia in Venice, Italy - It is displayed only occasionally.Dimensions: 34.4 × 25.5 cm
The Vitruvian Man is one of the most well-known and easily recognized images of Renaissance art and serves to showcase the blend of art and science which emerged during this period. The drawing, found in da Vinci’s notebooks, was intended to be part of his personal notes and observations of the human body.
Vitruvian Man is a pen and ink drawing on paper that shows a man with arms and legs outstretched. The man appears in superimposed positions fitting inside a circle and square. Da Vinci uses the picture to show us the meaning of the different proportions of the human body. By doing so, he is using mathematics to describe what the perfect physical features of a man are. In illustrating the ideal proportions of the human body the text that appears around the drawing is just as important.
Most people are built according to precise divisions and proportions:- the face is 1/10 of the total body-stop is 1/6 of the total height, it is also equal to the distance between the wrist and the elbow- the height is equal to the width of the spread arms- the distance from the top of the head to the navel is equal to the length from the navel to the fingers of the foots
The drawing includes handwritten notes above and below the drawing. The notes are based upon the work of Vitruvius who described the human body as an example or source of proportion in Classical architecture.The text above the drawing lists specific measurements based upon the human body. The notes beneath the drawing continue listing specific anatomical proportions.
„The Vitruvian Man” was created by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1487 in one of his notebooks. It is accompanied by notes based on the work of the famed architect, Vitruvius Pollio. This world-famous drawing is also known as the Canon of Properties or Proportions of Man.
Close analysis of the drawing shows each individual proportion adheres to the canon recommended by Vitruvius and still holds up to modern medical and mathematical studies.
Vitruvian Man is a visual image of the perfect human form through the use of mathematics. To people like Da Vinci mathematics, was a universal constant that allowed proportions to be seen everywhere.