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MUSIC IN ROMANTICISM

INTRODUCTION

ROMANTICISM COVERED XIX CENTURY

Romantic music was the result of the new society that appeared since the French Revolution that values freedom above all things. Composes are no longer servants of their patrons and are recognized as "genius" creator by the audience. Musicians have a new source of income derived as their activities as teachers, interpreters or conductors. The piano is the most preferred instrument of this era and a great amount of music for the piano is produced.

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC

SYMPHONIES

During the Romanticism, classical instrumental forms were still cultivated, with more richness of orchestral sound and more formal freedom than in Classicism.

SYMPHONIC POEMS

The Symphonic Poem is an orchestral composition based on the description of a program or plot. It was frequently cultivated by nationalist composers.

SOLO CONCERTOS

Audiences in the Romantic period appreciate virtuoso performers such Liszt (pianist) or Paganini (a violin genius) who surprise people with their spectacular concerts.

PIANO FORMS

Short piano forms now come into fashion. With the perfection of the "pianoforte", the new piano becomes the king of instruments. Piano makes possible the individual performance and expression of feelings. The composers created small pieces composed upon simple or free structures. The names of these pieces are quite varied. (nocturne,ballade, prelude,mazurka, polonaise etc).

VOCAL MUSIC

ROMANTIC OPERA

During Romanticism, opera becomes the "leading vocal form". Big theatres were built around all Europe and singers (above all high voices, tenors and sopranos) became true stars.

LIED

The term is used for songs from the late fourteenth or early fifteenth centuries or even to refer to Minnesang from as early as the 12th and 13th centuries] It later came especially to refer to settings of Romantic poetry during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and into the early twentieth century.

COMPOSERS

THERE ARE MANY IMPORTANT COMPOSERS DURING XIX CENTURY.

SCHUBERT, SCHUMANN, LISZT, CHOPIN, BERLIOZ, MENDELSSHON, BRAHMS, ETC