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The first woman

in winning a

Nobel Prize

Marie Curie


1 Her Story

2 Her awards

3 Her discoveries

Her Story

Her family name was Maria Sklodowska. She was born in Warsaw, daughter of a Physics teacher.

Since she was a child she was a brilliant student, with an exceptional capacity for concentration. When she was 24 years old, she went to Paris to develop a scientific career, where she survived with the savings of having worked as a governess in Warsaw, the scant help her father sent her and the support of her older sister, Bronia, who lived in the French capital.

In 1893, she finished her Physics studies with honors at the Sorbonne University. A year later she met Pierre Curie, another vocational scientist with whom he married in 1895.

Pierre, who followed with passion the progress of his wife's experiments, abandoned his own work on magnetism to help her.

In 1898, the couple announced the discovery of two new elements: polonium and radium, although they still had to spend four years working in precarious conditions to prove their existence.

Finally, by treating a ton of pitchblende, they managed to isolate a fraction of a gram of radium and in 1903 they shared with Becquerel the Nobel Prize for Physics, with whose profits they installed a new bathroom in their house.

Soon fame and recognition came. In 1904, Pierre Curie was appointed professor of physics at the University of Paris, and in 1905, a member of the French Academy, positions never held by women. For this reason, Marie did not get the main merit of the common achievements was hers.

Pierre was killed by a horse-drawn carriage.

Marie continued with her work and inherited the chair at the Sorbonne that her husband had occupied, which she combined with her research on the radio and its compounds, which led her to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911. She was later appointed director of the Institute of Radio of Paris.

In 1921 she travelled to the United States, where she was received as a true figure. He died of leukemia in 1934.

Her Awards

In 1903-1911

Of Physics and Chemistry

Davy-Matteucci-John Scott-Benjamin Franklin

In 1903-1904-1921

Elliott Crisson Medal and Willard Gibbs award

In 1909-1921

Nobel Prizes



Her Discoveries

  • She studied :The Radium

  • The Polonium

The Radium

The radio was discovered in 1898 by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre in a variety of uraninite from northern Bohemia.

While studying the ore, the Curies removed the uranium from it and found that the remaining material was still radioactive.

They then produced a radioactive mixture made mainly of barium that gave a bright red flame color and spectral lines that had not been documented previously.

In 1910 the radius was isolated by Curie and Andre Debierne in its pure metal by electrolysis of a solution of pure radio chloride using a mercury cathode and distilling in a hydrogen atmosphere.

The Polonium

Also known as Radio F, polonium was discovered by Marie Curie-Skłodowska and Pierre Curie in 1898, and was later renamed in honor of the homeland of Marie Curie, Poland.

At that time, Poland was not an independent country and was under the rule of Russia, Prussia and Austria, and Marie was hoping that this appointment would add notoriety.

It was the first element whose name derived from a political controversy.

It was the 1st element discovered by the Curie couple while they investigated the causes of the radioactivity of the pitchblende.

The pitchblende, after removing uranium and radium, was even more radioactive than these elements combined.

Spanish Team


San Vicente de Paúl

Julián Perlines y Sergio González