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The tepidariumlawrence Alma-Tadema painted thi painting in 1881. This painting shows a girl holding an ostrich feather and a strigil used for scraping the skin after soaping and oiling it.,1950s-early 1960s,1.000 AD,0 AD,Montgomery CliftEdward Montgomery Clift (October 17, 1920 – July 23, 1966) was an American actor.,timeline about beauty canons,B.I.S. Erasmus+ project,40.000 BC - 2.000 BC,Prehistory, Venus of WillendorfUpper Paleolithic female figurine found in 1908 at Willendorf, Austria.The statuette—made of oolitic limestone tinted with red ochre pigment—is dated to circa 28,000–25,000 BCE. Encyclopaedia Britannica.,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for women- Tremendous breasts, belly, and hip.- A pattern representing a braid or cap.- There are no facial features.- Parts of the body associated with fertility and childbearing have been emphasized.,5.300 BC - 30 BC, TheBust of Queen NefertitiIt was crafted by the Chief Sculptor of Akhenaten, Tuthmose. It is formed from limestone coated in layers of panted stucco.,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for women-Prominent cheekbones.-Big eyes.-Symmetrical face.-It is perfectly symmetrical, a vision of preternatural beauty.-It is like a a mask of divine and unattainable beauty.,Ancient Egypt,1.000 BC - 320 BC, Venus of MiloAncient statue commonly thought to represent Aphrodite, now in Paris at the Louvre Museum. It was carved from marble by Alexandros, a sculptor of Antioch on the Maeander River about 150 BC.,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for women- Harmony of the face and impassivity .- Small-breasted woman.- Light skin.- Elongated body.- Sensual, feminine curves.-The standards of proportion and physical perfection were only for males.- Women were considered deformed males.,Ancient Greece,400 BC - 476 AD,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for women- Curly fair hair.- Plump and full-figured body.- Sensual, feminine curves.- Thin bodies were considered a sign of disease.- Paleness of the skin was seen as a symbol of distinction.,Ancient Rome,Venus Callipyge ("Venus of the beautiful buttocks")it is a marble sculpture of the Roman era dating back to the I-II century BC and preserved today in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples. It is presumably a copy from a bronze original from the Hellenistic period (III century BC),5th - 14th centuries,1.000 AD,0 AD,2.000 AD, Beauty canons for women- The figure of the woman had childish appearance.- Stylized silhouette, slender, without hips.- Blonde hair.- A bit bloated belly.,Middle Ages,Blanche of CastileAnonymous Gothic miniature of the queen Blanche of Castilemade in the 14th century.,15th - 16th centuries,1.000 AD,0 AD,2.000 AD, Beauty canons for women- A rounded body, including full hips and large breasts.- Pale skin.- Strawberry blonde hair.- High foreheads were all thought of as the height of physical beauty.,Renaissance,The Birth of VenusThe Birth of Venus, painted by the Florentine painter Sandro Botticelli between 1484-1486,Venus in Front of the MirrorPeter Paul Rubens painted his Venus in Front of the Mirror as the ultimate symbol of beauty (1614/1615),Baroque,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,17th - 18th centuries,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Pale skin. - Blonde hair.- Thick hips.- A rounded back side.- Non-narrow waistline.,Mars Being Disarmed by VenusMars Being Disarmed by Venus is a painting produced by the French artist Jacques-Louis David in 1824.,Neoclassicism,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1730 - 1825,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Pale skin. - Blonde hair.- Hair long as a symbol of femininity.- Large breasts.- Thick hips.- A roundeb backside.- Tight waist, creating an hourglass figure.,Romanticism,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,19th century,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Pale skin.- Thick hips.- Good shoulders.- Tight waist, creating an hourglass figure.- Attractive, healthy woman's figure.-The exuberance of forms became a sign of welfare and respectability.,A drawing picturing French women's fashion in the 1920s,Roaring Twenties,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1920s,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Flat chested.- Downplayed waist.- Short bob hairstyle.- Boyish figure, curveless.,TwiggyLesley Lawson (née Hornby; born 19 September 1949) is an English model, actress, and singer widely known by the nickname Twiggy. She was a British cultural icon and a prominent teenage model in swinging sixties London.,Swinging Sixties,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1960s,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Tall.- Boyish figure.- Tin, long, slim legs.- Adolescent physique.- Curveless.,Elle MacphersonElle Macpherson (born Eleanor Nancy Gow; 29 March 1964) is an Australian model, businesswoman, television host and actress.,Supermodel Era,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1980s,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Tall.- Athletic.- Svelte.- Curvy.- Toned arms and legs.,Stella TennantStella Tennant (born 17 December 1970) is a British model.,Heroin Chic,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1990s,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Waifish, extremely thin.- Translucent skin.- Androgynous.,Natalia VodianovaNatalia Mikhailovna Vodianova (born 28 February 1982), nicknamed Supernova, is a Russian model, philanthropist and occasional film actress.,Postmodern Beauty,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,2000s - Today,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Thigh gap.- Flat stomach.- Large breast and butt.- Healthy skinny.,Sophia LorenBon 20 September 1934, is an Italiam film actress and singer.,Golden Age of Hollywood,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1930s 1950s,0 AD, Beauty canons for women- Curvy.- Hourglass figure.- Large breasts.- Slim waist.,38.000 BC,Prehistory,Lion Man of Hohlenstein StadelHuman with feline head, from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany, date to 30,000-28,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory, 11 5/8″ high. Ulcer Museum, Ulm.,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for men- The ideal man at the time was heavy and strong.,2.000 BC, Funerary statueThis male figure made of painted ebony was found in the Deir el-Bahri region in Eastern Thebes. The figure is wearing a simple kilt made of canvas covered with plaster. 2000 BC,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for men-Prominent cheekbones.-Big eyes.-Symmetrical face.-Strong and well-proportioned body.-Svelte and muscular body.,Ancient Egypt,1.000 BC - 320 BC,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for men- Harmony of the face and impassivity .- Heavily-muscled but athletic.- Perfectly harmonious and balanced proportions.- The standards of proportion and physical perfection were only for males.,Ancient Greece, DoryphorosThe Doryphoros, "Spear-Bearer", of Polykleitos is one of the best known Greek sculptures of classical antiquity, depicting a warrior, originally bearing a spear balanced on his left shoulder. The lost bronze original of the work would have been cast circa 440 BC. The copie of marble dates back to 120-50 BC.,400 BC - 476 AD,40.000 BC,0 AD,20.000 BC,30.000 BC,10.000 BC, Beauty canons for men- Heavy shoulder musculature.- The bearded man exudes strength.- Curving lines of the man’s limbs and muscles.- The Apollo's belt (sometimes called Adonis belt) is that abdominal V muscle many guys try to achieve.- The ideal man was muscular and lean.,Ancient Rome,Farnese AtlasThe Farnese Atlas is a 2nd-century (150 BC) Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic sculpture of Atlas kneeling with the celestial spheres,5th - 14th centuries,1.000 AD,0 AD,2.000 AD, Beauty canons for men- The figure of the man had childish appearance.- Stylized silhouette, slender.- Figure angelically clear.- Smooth skin, with a slight fleshiness that belies poverty.,Middle Ages,Young Knight in a LandscapeThe canvas, signed and dated by Carpaccio on a cartellino to the right of the figure date back from 1505.,DavidDavid is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and 1504 by Michelangelo. The statue represents the Biblical hero David,,Renaissance,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,15th - 16th centuries,0 AD, Beauty canons for menReturn to classical ideals: body with perfect proportions.- Harmony of the face and impassivity . - Heavily-muscled but athletic. - Perfectly harmonious and balanced proportions.,The Flagellation of ChristThe Flagellation of Christ is a painting by the Italian Baroque painter Caravaggio, now in the Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples. It is dated to 1607.,Baroque,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,17th - 18th centuries,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Round, sinuous and curving bodies.- Heavy brutish muscularity.- One’s duty is to look prosperous and well fleshed in clothing.,Mars Being Disarmed by VenusMars Being Disarmed by Venus is a painting produced by the French artist Jacques-Louis David in 1824.,Neoclassicism,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1730 - 1825,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Well fleshed body to indicate prosperity.,The honey moonlawrence Alma-Tadema painted thi painting in 1881. This painting shows a girl holding an ostrich feather and a strigil used for scraping the skin after soaping and oiling it.,Romanticism,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,19th century,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Physical aspect soft and feminine.- Little muscular body.,John GilbertJohn Gilbert (July 10, 1899 – January 9, 1936) was an American actor, screenwriter and director.,Roaring Twenties,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1920s,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Slim and dashing figure.,2.000 AD,Charles Atlas,1930s 1940s,1.000 AD,0 AD,Charles AtlasCharles Atlas (born Angelo Siciliano; October 30, 1892 – December 24, 1972)[1] was an Italian-American bodybuilder best remembered as the developer of a bodybuilding method., Beauty canons for men- Big muscles.- Strong body.- Enormous physical power.,2.000 AD,The executive look, Beauty canons for men- Large and imposing figure.- Broad shoulders.- Trim waist.,Sean ConnerySir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer.,The Sixties,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1960s,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Suave and stylish man. - Broad shoulders. - Flat stomach.,David BowieDavid Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie was an English singer, songwriter and actor. He was a leading figure in popular music for over five decades, acclaimed by critics and other musicians for his innovative work.,Androginy,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,Late 1960s - early 1970,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Both masculine and feminine look.- Thin and lanky figure. - Unisex clothes became popular.- Reasonably toned body.,Sylvester StalloneMichael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor and filmmaker. He is well known for his Hollywood action roles,Action heroes,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1980s,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Broad shoulders.- Very well developped muscles.- Hard bodied man.- Heightened masculinity.,Brad PittWilliam Bradley Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor and producer.,Superhero,2.000 AD,1.000 AD,1990s 2018,0 AD, Beauty canons for men- Cut and very muscular man.- Perfect and unattanaible body.