Created on Wed Nov 29 2017 00:27:50 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
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Mouse over an info button to learn more about Mammoth Anatomy!
ScapulaThe scapula of the mammoth is much longer and larger with respect to the humerus than compared to ours!
RibcageThe mammoth ribcage is large and barrel-shaped, perfect for protecting the internal organs of the mammoth!
Vertebrae (Spine)Notice that the mammoth vertebrae have long, bony protrusions!
HumerusThis would be the mammoth's "funny bone"!
Radius and UlnaThe mammoth has a thin, curved radius and a sturdy, much bigger ulna!
Carpals, Metacarpals, and PhalangesThese bones show that the mammoth used to walk on its toes, exactly how a modern elephant does. This leads us to believe that the mammoth was a quiet walker, like elephants!
FemurThe mammoth femur is strong and sturdy, which is important in order to support such a big mammal!
PelvisThe pelvis of the mammoth is much longer than the pelvis of a human! We can tell whether a mammoth was male or female based on the width of the birth canal and the ilium (one of the pelvic bones).
Tibia and FibulaThe tibia of the mammoth is much larger and thicker than the fibula, two more bones that are crucial in supporting a large mammal!
Tusks and DentitionThe tusks of a mammoth are longer and more curved than those of an elephant's. These tusks are actually their incisors, which are very different from our incisors (our front teeth)! While us humans have incisors, canines, and molars, mammoths only have incisors and molars. Their molars are useful for chewing and grinding food, and are adapted to eating grasses. A picture of mammoth molars is shown below.
CraniumThe mammoth cranium, or skull, is shaped differently than ours and is much larger!